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Comm 1014, March 22, 24

by: Elise de Venoge
Elise de Venoge


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About this Document

These notes cover whats going to be on our next exam
Intro to comm studies
Dr. Howell
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elise de Venoge on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 1014 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Howell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to comm studies in Communication Studies at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 03/28/16
Lecture 7: How do we become ourselves? (You ARE what you THINK!) Important Concepts  Cognition: Processes of the mind through which people come to… o Know o Perceive o Understand o Remember o Evaluate  Perception: The process by which an organism assimilates, or makes sense out of, and uses sensory data o Problem: Do we perceive everything  Selectivity: o Selective attention: Choosing to “attend” to things based upon their value to you (e.g., “window shopping”) o Selective perception: Applying our own interpretations (i.e., based on nurture, not nature) o Selective memory: Remembering what is helpful (forgetting what is hurtful, what doesn’t help) Selectivity and Sensory Experience How do we “SEE” the world?  Anatomically and physiologically  Attitudes, beliefs, and values Selectivity and internal consistency  Selectivity supports an internal desire for consistency o Inner consistency among :  Attitudes  Beliefs  Values o Internal consistency VS. Cognitive dissonance  Cognitive Dissonance o Psychologist Leon Festinger o We want to be consistent in words, deeds, and thoughts o Inconsistency creates discomfort, called “dissonance” o Resulting discomfort causes us to adjust or change attitudes, beliefs, and subsequent behavior The Importance of Language  The relationship between language and thought  The development and maintenance of “consciousness”  Language: 1. Makes self- reflexivity possible 2. Involves Symbolizing a. Signals: One – To – One, unambiguous relationship b. Symbols: suggest, rather than verify, the relationship (EX: “Friend”) Centrality of the Symbol  Words are symbols  Society and culture: Pre- existing set of linguistic rules  Our lives are fundamentally social  Thus language can ever be wholly private (even in intrapersonal communication) Semiotics  “The study of how signs operate in society” o The signifier is that which conveys the meaning o The signified is the meaning conveyed  Letters: Signs/symbols o A signifier that signifies a sound o A signifier that signifies something that is to be done to another letter (EX: Soundscaps vs. soundscapes)  Words: Stand for or refer to something else o Arbitrary relationship  No “tree-ness” in “T-R-E-E””  Signs become socially and culturally understood by individuals in certain ways that would not be predicted by their form alone  “Content of a sign is not the signified itself, but a cultural concept of it” Inner Speech Theory  Examines o The “talk” we do with ourselves o How that “talk” helps us to think  A different function of speech: Not just… o …human interaction… o …the ways “signs” come to be understood culturally and socially o But… o Mentation: From - Interaction/Mentation : To – Mentation/ Interaction  Gives us the ability to: o Engage in “higher mental processes” o Interiority  Lead more complex inner (“mental”) lives o De-centering  Place ourselves imaginatively outside our own immediate experience


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