History 150: The Russian Revolution-2
History 150: The Russian Revolution-2 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
3/28/16: Revolution in Russia Revolution in Russia ***test questions*** Leon Trotsky and the Red Guard (militia). o Training for the siege of power. o October 2425, 1917: Trotsky and the Red Guard led the October Revolution. Carry out actions that constitute the Red Guard. o Took over communication centers in Petrograd: Railway stations. Telephone exchanges. Post office. o Cut off communication with the outside world o Broke into the Winter Palace where the Provisional Government was meeting and arrested them. The Bolshevik seizure of power. Also known as the 2 revolution. 3 important developments that followed the October Revolution: New era in Russian history. (1) March 1918: o Peace treaty signed with Germany. o Lenin kept his promise. o Officially closed the Russian participation in WWI. Russia is out of the war. (2) 19181921—Civil War. o White Army vs. Red Army led by Trotsky. White Army: AntiBolshevik. Far from secure in their position. Fought a brutal war for 3 years. Red Army will leave victorious, but the Bolshevik will still be in power. Secret police by the Bolshevik will be told to kill off the other political powers. o July 1918: Execution of Nicholas II and his family. (3) Lenin’s death and Stalin’s rise to power. o 1922: Lenin suffered his first stroke. Thinking about his mortality and who was going to take over power when he is gone. Lenin’s “Testament”. Wanted someone else in his place besides Stalin. 3/28/16: Revolution in Russia Not endorsing Stalin as his successor. Was not made public until 1958. Stalin had risen to the position of the General Secretary of the Communist Party. o January of 1924: Lenin died. Did not live to see his suggestions carried out. o 19241927: Power struggle between Stalin and Trotsky. Trotsky and Lenin were very close. Stalin was cunning and had strategy. o Built up his power base within the communist party. o Projected himself as Lenin’s chosen successor. Successful in keeping Lenin’s Testament a secret. The falsification of photographs. Made a lot of “fake photos” to achieve his end. Became a trend in altering photographs to alter records. 3/28/16: Revolution in Russia Stalin’s “Revolution from Above” The authors of your textbook state that it was “the most rapid social and economic transformation any nation has seen in modern history.” (p. 602). Speech about Stalin’s plans for industrialization. o Stalin: Ruthless brutal dictator. Wanted to modernize Russia. Transform the nation into a modern industrial nation. o Five Year Plans: Cove for his vision in industrialization. Wanted rapid industrialization in a short amount of time. High goals in projection targets. Emphasis on the development of heavy industry: Steel production. Power plants. Extension of the railway system. Plan for a minimal production of consumer goods. 1 one begun in 1928. Results in 1938. o There was a 400% increase in overall industrial production. o In 1938: rd The Soviet Union was now the 3 major industrial power in the world. Conditions of everyday life for industrial workers. A decade of hardship and scarcity for workers. o Experienced cramped living conditions. Magnitogorsk.