Intro to Sociology, Week 9 Notes
Intro to Sociology, Week 9 Notes SO 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 6 Social Deviance and Control Social deviance o Any transgression of socially established norms Minor transgressions of these norms can be described as informal deviance Formal deviance is the same as crime because it involves violation of laws Social cohesion o The way people form social bonds, relate to each other, and get along everyday Emile Durkheim o Theorized that social cohesion is established through: Mechanical solidarity Based on sameness of society’s parts Found in smaller groups Organic solidarity Based on interdependence of specialized parts leading to diversity Found in bigger groups Strain Theory Robert Merton o Developed the strain theory which argues that deviance occurs when society doesn’t give everybody equal opportunity to achieve societal goals o Difference between people is found in how they respond to goals and means to goals Conformists Accepts goals and means of society Innovators Accept goals but not means Breaks rules and finds new means to goals Ritualists Accepts the means and rules But doesn’t care about the goals Retreatists Don’t accept goals or means of society Separates themselves from society Rebels Don’t accept goals or means Wants to change society with own goals and means