Introduction to Sociology- Chapter 6 Notes
Introduction to Sociology- Chapter 6 Notes 1614-10
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Date Created: 03/28/16
Introduction to Sociology 1614-11 Week of March 21 -March 25 Lecture Notes Chapter 6- Social Control and Deviance Social contract: unwritten contract-between individual’s and society- give up person freedoms for positive social benefits Deviance: recognized violation of a social norm-culture Crime: breaking the law Social control: attempts by society to control individual behavior Sanctions: o Positive: reward conformity o Negative: punish deviance o Formal: public (ceremony) o Informal: personal S-F: Functions of deviance-person blame S-C: poor people suffer more-system blame S-I: how do we create deviance? S-F: Durkheim: Person Blame *thought deviance existed everywhere-universal-varies from time and place What are the functions of deviance? Deviance defines normal Clarifies moral boundaries-over the line Promotes social unity- (us/them) Promotes change- ex. Rosa Parks Social cohesion: we MUST punish deviants-offends collective conscience Suicide Study: 4 Types: Anomic: weak social ties and rapid change Fatalistic: social regulation, prisoners, slaves Altruistic: identity with group-Hara Kiri; not all bad Egoistic: social regulation, p.a.s.; terminal illness Merton Social strain-1940s United States Focus on goals and means Assumed same goal ($), but different means Goals Means *Ritualists - + *Retreatists - - *Conformists + + *Innovators + - *Rebels - on own - (Descriptive not explanatory) Differential Association: we need to provide opportunities for those who lack means S-C: Marx- System Blame Poor people suffer more in the justice system in a capitalist society Laws themselves discriminate due to who writes them Rockfeller Drug Laws: 1982ish o System itself is discrimatory-can’t always blame it on an individual; cops sometimes can White Collar Crimes: committed by professionals on the job against the system-cost the U.S. 20 times as much as street crime-learn from each other in deviant subcultures O.J. Surveillance: Michael Foucault-prisons-panoptic-electronics have begun replacing it Boston bombers, snowden, we self surveil Ai-wei-wei: all about government and surveillance- Chinese Artist S-I: Micro *How Do We Create Deviants? Labeling Theory: Garfinkel-primary deviance-“secret” deviance Ary deviance: when caught and labeled by others through degradation ceremonies Stigma: strong negative label-becomes you and your identity-“felon”- people become like the label they get Medicalization of Deviance- “ADHD”: No personal responsibility for their sickness Broken Windows: Zimbardo-social setting-criminal social disorder- cars in Palo Alto and Brooklyn o Brooklyn= destroyed cars o Palo Alto= wasn’t destroyed, just beat with a hammer because people thought it was there for that once they saw others doing it NYC- Giuliani (mayor): enforcement of minor offenses-overall crime “stop and frisk”