Urban Government Week 6 Notes
Urban Government Week 6 Notes posc 305
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This 13 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to posc 305 at Towson University taught by James H. Glenn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
3/23/16 City/Suburban Divide Demographic change • this is a period of great migration, post 1920s, they really after WW2 • by the 70s more Americans lived in suburbs than in rural areas or central cities • from the turn of the century to the 30s, blacks moved from rural area to cities in the North • American becomes a nation of dichotomies: city/suburban, black/white, ghetto/subdivisions Migrations • 3 periods of migration • 19101930: Miexicans and Bavcks move to cities • 19401970: Appalachian, Whites, Blacks and Mexicans • blacks were becoming more urban and more Northern • jobs were advertised in black newspapers like the Chicago Defender at the same time the racial atrocities, like lynching, were being covered by black media • during WW1, companies with contracts but too few workers, sent people to look and find additional (and cheap) labor • despite change, blacks faced a lot of institutional racism including having to live in well defined areas • blacks were the last hired, first fired, and given worst jobs • judicial system persecuted the new balcks as well the arrest state in Detroit in 1926 was 4x the rate of whites • blacks made up 31% of prison population but only 9% of national population. Today 30% of colored people make up population and 60% of prisons Post War • the nation starts to think about cities and the term “urban” differently • today blacks and Native Americans are more likely to live in highpoverty neighborhoods than whites Suburbs • 4 periods define growth of suburbs • wealthy people begin leaving cities in 1800s but with prosperous cities, few notice • concerns about cities and conditions feel into nation’s fear of “mob rule” • technology innovation; railroad and the system engine allow people to travel, IE live, further from the city center • suburbs begin to be discriminatory as ideal and opposite of rough city life Sorry at this point he started going so fast I just gave up and took pictures of the slides!! Overall: • Cities have basically been ignored by both parties since the 1990s in part because city voters make up a smaller part of the national electorate • Instead of cities suburbs are now seen as the key to winning elections: ie term Soccer moms • Even under Obama cities have not really come back o the forefront instead the stimulus bill helped states and cities (but it was a onetime thing) • Added together there is not a cohesive urban policy Rise of the Sunbelt • Historically, national politics have been dominated by industrial cites and states in the Northeast and the Midwest. The South was marginalized because of its agriculture economy, but was relevant because it voted as a solid bloc • The southwest was not important to the national scene, that began to change in the 1950s Historic Sunbelt: • In 1968 Kevin Phillips predicted that the realignment of industrial cites means the Republican Party would become the nation’s majority party • However, studies on the regions varied in their definitions of “sunbelt” and often included the south and the west • The main takeaway is people were leaving Northern industrial areas for warmer weather and western states/cities
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