Week 11 notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)
Week 11 notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Monday March 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.
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Date Created: 03/28/16
3/22/16 – 3/25/16 Week 11 Psychology Notes Bystander Intervention 4 Steps 1) Notice it (paying attention) 2) Appraisal (emergency) 3) Assume responsibility (you) 4) Take action (get help) Noticing there is a problem, interpreting it as a cause for alarm, and realizing that you need to take responsibility If no one is going to help, it must not be an emergency Diffusion of responsibility Less likely to get help in a busy place st Once that 1 person started to help, helping became the norm Seeing one of your own in distress may incline you to help More likely to help someone similar to you You may feel person doesn’t deserve assistance Well usually help women or people similar to us Generally most will help in a small town or rural area Feeling guilt or seeing someone else help More likely to help when you’re in a good mood, but also when you’re not in a rush Car sliding off road – Emergency? Bad wreck Women or children Damage Blood and screaming Instances of People Needing Help Change the tide, make helping the norm! Social Trap aka Prisoner Dilemma Pursuing self interest Deforestation – don’t want to cut down big chunks of land but you could make a lot of money and others won’t cut down all of their land, but everyone is thinking the same way and it results in deforestation Read about and know the 4 C’s of Peacemaking 3/22/16 – 3/25/16 Personality traits are related to biology, can breed traits in and out which suggests that there are genetic roots Traits with introversion and extraversion – biological responses, different brain activities, and extraverts have lower levels of brain activity Trait – characteristic that has an enduring quality that tends to make a person act a certain way, we are made up of a collection 2 Main categories 1) Normal – Myers Briggs, 4 different pairings that are all based on normal traits 2) Abnormal – MMPI, diagnose disorders, abnormal personality traits Eysensk’s 2 basic dimensions of personality We all vary on these dimensions Related to genetics Actually we vary on 5 major dimensions 5 Big Personality Traits Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism High in Openness More flexible Nonconformist Variety and imagination Free thinker Low in Openess Conforming Like routine Practical and down to earth 3/22/16 – 3/25/16 Have a comfort zone High in Conscientiousness Selfdisciplined Delayed gratification Pursue goals Organized Low in Conscientiousness Disorganized Impulsive Careless High in Extraversion Drawing energy from others Sociable Fun loving Publicly affectionate Low in Extraversion Recharges energy from being alone Reserved Sober Retiring Bit of a wallflower High in Agreeableness Helpful Trusting Friendly Soft hearted Low in Agreeableness Uncooperative Suspicious Out for own goals and path High in Neuroticism Higher in anxiety Higher in insecurities and instability 3/22/16 – 3/25/16 Selfpitying Low in Neuroticism Confident Calm Secure Selfsatisfied In general, these traits tend to stay the same but with age we tend to be more agreeable and conscientious and less introverted, neurotic, and open Change less and more consistent as we age, less change between gaps as age increases incrementally More and more consistent in your personality as you change Social Media Impact Judge yourself in comparison and you don’t know the hard times that others go through Impact on own selfesteem and image How we put ourselves out there And we also do the same Actually lowers your selfesteem because you’re judging yourself Vague posting – bring certain negative energies, attracts certain people Ways Social Media impacts our Personality What you post can say a lot about you Negative selftalk Perfect hairdo Tells a lot about a person and impacts how the world sees you Social Cognitive Perspective Reaction to environment Van Buren Reciprocate influences of Social Cognitive Perspective (back and forth) No primary cause Interpersonal factors Environmental factors Behavior Rock climbing 3/22/16 – 3/25/16 Learned to, think about it more, have more rock climbing friends, encouraged to rock climb more, risky activities Thrill seeking behavior You can start at any place and they will influence any of them We interact with a lot of things Can distract from inner emotions and upbringing
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