Popular in People and Environment (I)
Popular in Social Work
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Wednesday November 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 11/11/15
Lecture 17 Video. BRAZIL: Local community needs to be engaged to protect the environment. Chico Mendez, Serigueiro (people who subsist of the land) Defend the territory Ecologist protest. Stopped the cutting of the trees by standing in front of them. American environmentalist bring Chico Mendez to the US to fight The World Bank. Chico Mendez built alliances to save the Amazon. Cachoeira, first reserve. Chico grew up here. Chico Mendez gained enemies because of his fight for the Amazon. Chico Mendez is killed Climate changes- Amazon is drying out. Global south- Environmental movement raised during 80s and 90s Environmental issues and social rights became one. Kenya Conservation of the commons. Woman planted trees. Chico was fighting for his “small industry” He want to access and manage his resources. Lecture Commons- is a resources that based on a local institution have an organization. Everyone in the community have the right to manage it No privatization Based on the reading: Locals exposed to environmental injustice Storage of nuclear waste. Agency -Potential power of individuals to contest existing structures and change power relations, norms, values, laws. Agency keeps cultures changing. Collective organization main power in agency Social Movements- Collective actions that want to make a difference. Example El Chico Mendez, strikes, etc. CHARACTERISTICS 1. Recognition of commonalities. Why are we working together? Example: Shared identities. What makes a group want to protest? 2. You need to have an adversary. Meaning that you need to have someone who wants access to the same thing you need. Example industries and people who protect trees. “Definition over the same values.” 3. Social movements engage in many different action in order to achieve what you want. Political disobedience. You go against the main political process. Sometimes you start as a non-political process, but you end up dealing with politicians. Environmental exploitation generates collective action. Identity claims, the people’s claims over resources create livelihood claims. Our livelihood shape who we are as a community. Example: Locals who feel that have the right to use the land, because the land is part of their culture. Livelihoods- Methods you use to secure the basic necessities you need to live. Example: agriculture. Livelihood as a social movement. Environmental deterioration leads to livelihood problems and this end io in a collective action. Example: (again) El Chico Mendez. Andean Livelihood movements. Green revolution and migration High pest Technology vs community. Are indigenous people and technology mutually exclusive? Bolivia and Ecuador (Runa community) Results, poor agriculturally yields. Other results, migration. End up introducing new yielding varieties. (they finally accept the green revolution) Goal of the indigenous: Survival Chpko movement Indian Himalayas. “Tree hugging” They did not want to just save the trees. That forest was being used for many different things. The forest was a humanized landscape. They did not wanted to stop the cutting of the trees. They wanted to use the forest. They used the forest to survive (wood) economic strategies. They protested against the state allotment. Meaning that the Chipko did not wanted bis industries to cut their forest. They did not wanted to be outcompeted. PRESERVATION AND UTILITARIANISM . The myth of ecological ethnicity- Indigenous are primitive and only want to preserve nature. Example: The moment that Chipko became tree huggers we turned them into these people that are naturally environmentalists