Chapter 17: Impressionism and Postimpressionism
Chapter 17: Impressionism and Postimpressionism FINE_ART 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gisselle Fernandez on Wednesday November 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FINE_ART 101 at Washington State University taught by Timothy Tate in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Fine Arts 101 in Fine arts at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 11/11/15
November 10 Class Notes Chapter 17 Impressionism and Postimpressionism pgs 3 683 93 Knowing the major players for each movement Impressionism o In the 19th century with the growth of the middleclass in towns and cities a new audience for art began to emerge Most artists lived in Urban centers The life of the city especially in Paris had a vital impact on these idle 19th century artists 0 The capital of France Louis XIV Begun in I 73 7 the annual Salon exhibitions in Paris which were chosen by members of the French Academy and o icially sanctioned contemporary art remained the only important public exhibition available to artists Examples shown Gustave Courbet two girls on the banks of the Seine 1856 Alexandre Cabanel The Birth of Venus 1875 Realists like Courbet were challenging the academic painters Realism glori es the girls Edouard Manet Luncheon 0n the grass 1863 got rejected by the salon in uenced by raphael burrowed painting The Salon des Refuse and Manet Salon 0f the Refused Manet wanted the work to be seen as a painting in the academic tradition An example of Modern Art Out of the Studio and into the light 0 Although Monet never exhibited with the impressionists he came to be seen as the father of the new movement his emphatic brushstrokes and insistence on painting modern life will inspire them O Younger artists interest in working outdoors directly into nature Monet the pure impressionist Claude Monet La Grenovillere 1869 A oating restaurant and dancing pavilion in Paris in the new impressionist style Monet in Giverny O In the 1888 began to paint Grainstacks 1891 0 his brushstrokes become heavier O attempt to convey the light and atmosphere of the natural world PierreAuguste Renoir Moulin de la Galette 1876 Like all of the impressionists Renoir wanted to show the life he saw around him to paris Broken brushstrokes Evokes the light of a late spring afternoon Degas and Cassatt LINE Edgar Degas After the Bath 1894 Mary Cassatt The Boating Party 18931894 ltLinesgt they were both interest in Lines Postimpressionism 0 Start off with impression then no longer suitable as they continued to develop their crafts Georges Seurat Paul Gaugin Vincent Van Gogh Paul Cezanne Seurat and Pointillism Georges Seurat A Sunday on La Grande J atte 188486 0 uses impressionism to create a new kind of timeless classical art he begins by simplifying forms and arranging them 0 he reduces the impressionist broken brushstrokes to a dot and creates an optival mix he invents pointillism Gaugin and the search of Paradise Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892 0 he felt that europeans had become too civilized 0 he paints his tahitian wife terri ed of a dead spirit 0 reclining nude 0 freed color from the bonds of reproducing visual reality Van Gogh Father of Expressionism was inspired by the brilliant color and light of impressionism The Night Cafe 1888 ruin yourself go mad or commit crime The Starry Night 1889 0 he creates a work that is not just on imitation of the world Paul Cezanne Still Life with Apples 189598 0 he is no longer obeying the mathematical rules of perspective 0 is reinventing the way pictures are made 0 his works marks the end of the naturalistic approach that began with Giotto