Concepts ANTH 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by . Notetaker on Wednesday November 11, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at University of New Mexico taught by a professor in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 11/11/15
Anthropology The study of humanity in all times amp places holistic science Culture Humanity39s non biological adaptions to the environment dynamic and learned Enculturation The process by which a society39s culture is passed on from generation to generation Society An organized group or groups of interdependent people who generally share a common territory language and culture Pluralistic society A society in which two or more ethnic groups are politically organized into a territory Gender Cultural meaning assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes Subculture Group within a larger group that has its own distinct set of ideas values and behavior while still sharing common standards with the lager society Ethnic group People who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distinct group based on cultural features such as common geographic origin language customs and traditional beliefs Ethnocentrism The belief that one39s own culture or ethnicity is centrally important and that all other cultural groups are inferior by comparison Ethnography A detailed description of a particular culture primarily based on fieldwork and participant observation Ethnology The study and analysis of different cultures from a comparative or historic point of view to explain why differences or similarities occur among groups Personality The distinctive way a person thinks feels and behaves Modal personality Those character traits that occur with the highest frequency in a social group and are therefore the most representative of the culture National character The personality of a large scale social group perhaps as seen and generalized from the outside Core values The values that are promoted by a particular culture Incest taboo The prohibition of sexual relations between specified individuals usually parent child and sibling relationships at a minimum Exogamy Parallel cousins cross cousins marriage is allowed only outside a social group Endogamy Marrying only within the local community or tribe Marriage A culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that established certain rights and obligations between the people between them and their children Kinship A network of relatives within which individuals posses certain mutual rites and obligations Descent group Any kin oriented social group with a membership in the direct line of descent from a real or mythological common ancestor Unilineal descent Most common group where descent is followed exclusively through either the female or male line matrilineal patrilineal
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