Liberalism and Instituionalism
Liberalism and Instituionalism PSC 1003
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Thomas Perry on Sunday January 25, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Farrell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Intro-International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/25/15
Intro International Politics 916 Lecture Items in bold are key fundamental components of class Items underlined are key for understanding explaining and writing about the components Liberalism and lnstitutionalism An alternative theory to realism Agrees with realism that the international system is anarchic However theory believes that States can cooperate to solve problems International Institutions play a key role in aiding cooperation Differences on Anarchy in the International System Realism argues that anarchy leads to security fears and self help Liberalisms argues that anarchy simply mass it tougher to solve international problems see politics as similar to economics Scary thought given the current recession governments can provide collective goods Example of Liberal theory In the 1970 s the United States began to partly withdraw from international politics According to realist theory there should have been utter mayhem and anarchy But countries States continued cooperating even without the US acting as a hegemon Keohane Liberal theorist Believes that States can continue to cooperate after hegemony thanks to international institutions that can provide structure for communication No need for big fish in pond Institutions play key role Ex United Nations World Trade Organization NATO etc Institutions can t control States but they can provide information to help States solve issues can make rules allow states to agree on how best to solve problems can monitor compliance identify who breaks rules ex International Atomic Energy Association Example of Institution affecting International Politics World Trade Organization A great example of liberal institutionalism Key trade organization sets out basic rules of the world trading system tasked with resolving disputes promotes open trade policies Established rules of trade intended to lower barriers to trade lower tariffs and import duties Rules have been negotiated in successive rounds EU and US have dominated in past Little progress in agricultural trade How the WTO is a dispute resolution Mechanism 1 requires informal discussions between governments 2 creation of a panel to judge economic cases 3 States have a place to voice to economic concerns 4 can monitor and publicize the activity of members Though it can monitor members the WTO can only provide recommendations to states and has no binding authority