Week 1 Notes - Sociology 101
Week 1 Notes - Sociology 101 SOC101
Popular in Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Patterson on Sunday January 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Lesley Williams Reid in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 305 views. For similar materials see Sociology 101-001 Intro To Sociology in Sociology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/25/15
Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 The Sociological Perspective Chapter 11 1 Study of human society i Sociological Perspective seeing the general in the particular 2 a i What is the object under consideration ii How would you describe it in detail iii What do you call it b i How is it used ii How is it bought and sold iii Who benefits from it iv Who suffers from it c i Does it exist in other countries ii If so does it exist in the same form iii Where globally is it made iv Does it affect life positively or negatively in other countries 0 i When did it come into existence ii Why did it appear at that time iii How has it changed over time iv What other aspects of life have changed as the result of it v What will this object be like in the future will it even exist 3 C Wright Mills The Sociological Imagination a The sociological imagination enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for the inner life and the external career of a variety of individualsquot Applying the Sociological Perspective Ch 13 1 a The sociological perspective helps us assess the truth of common sensequot we are free individuals who are responsible for our own lives b The sociological perspective helps us see the opportunities and constraints in our lives leads us to see that in the game of life society deals the cards Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 c The sociological perspective empowers us to be active participants in our society we may support society as it is or we may set out with others to change it d Sociological perspective helps us live in a diverse world North Americans represent just 5 of the world s people and the other 95 live very differently than we do The Origins of Sociology Chapter 14 1 the Church in the Middle Ages the Enlightenment and ideas of Hobbes Locke and Rousseau c modern physics chemistry sociology 2 scientific approach to knowledge based on positive facts as opposed to mere speculation 4 Develop Research Questions Design Research Projects Interpret Observations of Data Draw Conclusions a b apem Sociological Theory Chapter 15 1 a Theories are sets of interrelated concepts that seek to explain causes of social phenomena b Theories are based on broad sociological knowledge c Theories seek to understand social structure 2 basic image of society that guides thinking and research 3 Framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability a i order and stability ii society is a selfregulating system of interrelated parts Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 iii how does a part contribute to overall stability of a society iv defends existing social arrangements and only accounts for gradual change vs Revolutionary v Macrolevel vi Society is a system of interrelated parts that is relatively stable each part works to keep society operating in an orderly way members generally agree about what is morally right and morally wrong vii How is society held together What are the major parts of society How are these parts linked What does each part do to help society work b any relatively stable pattern of social behavior consequences of any social pattern for the operation of society as a whole the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern e the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern f any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society 4 framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change a i conflict over scarce and valued recourses ii conflict as a major element of society and an agentofchange iii who benefits from a particular pattern arrangement iv Exaggerates tensions and divisions in society understates stability v Macrolevel vi Society is a system of social inequalities based on class Marx gender genderconflict theory and feminism and race raceconflict theory Society operates to benefit some categories of people and harm others Social inequality causes conflict that leads to social change vii How does society divide a population How do advantaged people protect their privileges How do disadvantaged people challenge the system seeking change Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 b feminist theory the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between women and men feminism support of social equality for women and men c the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between people of different racial and ethnic categories 5 framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals a i microlevel subjective interaction ii society is created by interaction between individuals iii how is meaning created through interaction iv doesn t consider the anatomy of institutions or reality of inequality v Microlevel vi Society is an ongoing process people interact in countless settings using symbolic communications the reality people experience is variable and changing vii How do people experience society How do people shape the reality they experience How do behavior and meaning change from person to person and from one situation to another b a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole c closeup focus on social interaction in specific situation Karl Marx Society and Conflict Chapter 42 1 struggle between segments of society over values resources people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits people who sell their labor for wages major spheres of social life or societal subsystems organized to meet human needs explaining social problems as the shortcomings of individuals rather than as the flaws of society 6 to refer to conflict between entire classes over the distribution of a society s wealth and power Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 7 workers recognition of themselves as a class unified in opposition to capitalists and ultimately to capitalism itself 8 the experience of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness 9 a people work to meet their needs and to develop their personal potential product of work belongs not to workers but to capitalists who sell it for profit people build bonds of community alienates workers from their human potential industrial capitalism turns an activity that should express the best qualities in human beings into a dull and dehumanizing experience 0 Max Weber The Rationalization of Society Ch 43 an abstract statement of the essential characteristics of any social phenomenon values and beliefs passed from generation to generation way of thinking that emphasizes deliberate matteroffact calculation of the most efficient way to accomplish a particular task historical change from tradition to rationality as the main type of human thought 5 a in hunting and gathering societies the family is the center of all activity religious political and economic systems develop as separate social institutions in modern societies new institutions education amp health care appear b Modern rationality can be seen in the spread of largescale organizations people in modern societies are likely to have very specialized jobs modern societies put a premium on selfdiscipline in traditional societies people measure time according to the rhythm of sun and seasons members of traditional societies size up one another on the basis of who they are their family ties Modern rationality leads us to judge people according to what they are with an eye toward their education skills and abilities Sociology 11315 11515 Week 1 g in a rational society technical competence is the basis for hiring so the world becomes impersonal Emile Durkheim Society amp Function Chapter 44 1 condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals 2 social bonds based on common sentiments and shared moral values that are strong among members of preindustrial societies 3 social bonds based on specialization and interdependence that are strong among members of industrial societies 4 specialized economic activity
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