COMM1025- Chapter 2 Lecture Notes
COMM1025- Chapter 2 Lecture Notes Comm1025
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One Day of Notes
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This 7 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Hannah Grassie on Monday January 26, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to Comm1025 at George Washington University taught by Jean Costanza Miller in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 185 views. For similar materials see Intro to Communications in Communication at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/26/15
Models 12615 1129 AM Models different ways to look at communication as a process Psychological model 0 Components 0 Senderreceiver Communicators Message What s being communicated Channel The medium for the communication face to face over the phone email etc Encoding decoding Encode putting it into words Decode interpreting Draws on the mental sets of the individuals 0 Feedback Response 0 Noise Distractions either internal or external 0 O O 0 Process 0 transfer of meaning from one person to another 0 Metaphor 0 Machine a mechanistic process Emphasis 0 Individual processing mental set 0 Effective communication 0 Accurate transmission and interpretation of messages 0 Purpose of research 0 To predict to find broad lawlike principles cause and effect 0 Research methods 0 Survey experimentation 0 Example 0 Communication between a doctor and patient Emphasis on the doctor s bed side mannerexpression of what he knows is wrong with the patient mental set and how he conveys the message to the patient Then look at how the patient receives decodes the message does their reaction show that they accurately interpreted what the doctor said if not then it s not effective communication 0 Example 0 Mother and son arguing over video game use The mother has a mental set of anger or frustration and encodes that mental set into a message sent through the channel The son then decodes interprets the message and that influences his mental set and he then gives feedback by encoding a message to reply Pragmatic model 0 Components 0 Partnersinteractants They re not senderreceiver they re mutual interactants Moves acts Through what they say what they re doing Parent child argument 1 move would be mother brining up the issue another would be son saying he disagrees Responses Patternssequences Are they communicating in what seems to be a pattern Does the mother always give in to the child Relationship The patterned communication defines the nature of the relationship 0 O O O 0 Process 0 Patterned interaction interdependent movemaking Two partners rely on one another 0 Metaphor 0 Game making moves achieving our goal is like winning a game Emphasis o Interdependence system One s actions effects the other s Effective communication 0 Accomplishing goals of interaction productive patterns 0 Purpose of research o Describing patterns of behavior over time not so much prediction but understanding 0 Research methods 0 Survey observation in natural setting conversation analysis 0 Example 0 The argument between mother and son is more like a back and forth between game opponents It s based on moves and counter moves the mother says something and the son replies with a comeback and this continues They interact back and forth to accomplish their goals either to reduce the amount of video games played or to get the mother to understand it s no big deal They re dependent on one another for what moves they make Interactions like these can become patterned maybe the mother always gives in to the son and thus define the nature of the relationship n Then the nature of the relationship effects and influences their communication Social constructionist model 0 Components 0 People As representatives of culture or society 0 Language Symbolic codes carries meaning 0 Shared meanings How we come to agree on appropriate beliefs values roles traditions Process 0 Mutual unavoidable influence 0 Even without meaning to when we apply a term to something we influence the way people will look at that thing 0 Metaphor 0 World building creating 0 We re constructing our world through language bricks are erlanguage Emphasis o People s free will within a social context We can act willingly and use language freely to create meaning but we are constrained by our social context Effective communication 0 Taking responsibility for the influence we exert understanding influences that surround us culture We use words carefully that are mindful of the implications Purpose of research 0 To understandexplain subtle influence processes social influence understand choices people make within social constraints social change How do these influences make us behave differently Research methods 0 Textual analysis Analyzing movies or newspapers to identify the influences and see what s going on beneath the surface 12615 1129 AM 12615 1129 AM 12615 1129 AM