Week One Poems
Popular in British Literature, 1800 to the Present
Popular in Department
This 9 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Monday January 26, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to English 2202 at Ohio State University taught by Amanpal Garcha in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views.
Reviews for Week One Poems
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 01/26/15
Alexandra Grese Week One Samuel Johnson The Ant Turn on the prudent ant thy heedless eyes Observe her labours sluggard And be wise No stern command no monitory voice Prescribes her duties or directs her choice Yet timely provident she hastes away To snatch the blessings of a plenteous day When fruitful Summer loads the teeming plain She crops the harvest and she stores the grain How long shall Sloth usurp thy useless hours Unnerve thy vigour and unchain thy powers While artful shades thy downy couch inclose And soft solicitation courts repose Amidst the drowsy charms of dull delight Year chases year with unremittedflight Till want now following fraudulent and slow Shall spring to seize thee like an ambush d foe Translation Look how the ant works even though no one directs her or threatens her You need to have that sort of work ethic too Blake All Religions are One The Argument As the true method of knowledge is experiment the true faculty of knowing must be the faculty which experiences This faculty I treat of Principle 1 That the Poetic Genius is the true Man and the body or outward form of Man is derived from the Poetic Genius Likewise that the forms of all things are derived from the Poetic Genius Likewise that the forms of all things are derived from their Genius which by the Ancients was call d an Angel and Spirit and Demon Principle 2 As all men are alike in outward form So and with the same infinite variety all are alike in the Poetic Genius Principle 3 No man can think write or speak from his heart but he must intend truth Thus all sects of Philosophy are from the Poetic Genius adapted to the weaknesses of every individual Principle 4 As none by travelling over known lands can find out the unknown So from already acquire knowledge Man could not acquire more Therefore an universal Poetic Genius exists Principle 5 The Religions of all Nations are derived from each Nation s di erent reception of the Poetic Genius which is everywhere call d the Spirit of Prophecy Principle 6 The Jewish amp Christian Testaments are An original derivation from the Poetic Genius This is necessary from the confined nature of bodily sensation Principle 7 As all men are alike tho in nitely various So all Religions and as all similar have one source The true Man is the source he being the Poetic Genius There Is No Natural Religion a The Argument Man has no notion f moral fitness but from Education Naturally he is only a natural organ subject to Sense I Man cannot naturally Perceive but through his natural or bodily organs II Man by his reasoning power can only compare and judge of what he has already perciev d III From a perception of only 3 senses or 3 elements none could deduce a fourth or fifth IV None could have other than natural or organic thoughts if he had none but organic perceptions V Man s desires are limited by his perceptions none can desire what he has not perciev d VI The desires and perceptions of man untaught by any thing but organs of sense must be limited to objects of sense Conclusion If it were not for the Poetic or Prophetic character the Philosophic and Experimental would soon be at the ration of all things and stand still unable to do other than repeat the same dull round over again There Is No Natural Religion 19 I Man s perceptions are not bounded by organs of perception he perceives more than sense tho ever so acute can discover II Reason or the ratio of all we have already known is not the same that it shall be when we know more III lacking IV The bounded is loathed by its possessor The same dull round even of a universe would soon become a mill with complicated wheels V If the many become the same as the few when possess d More More More is the cry of a mistaken soul Less than All cannot satisfy Man VI If any could desire what he is incapable of possessing despair must be his eternam lot VII The desire of Man being Infinite the possession is Infinite and himself Infinite Application He who sees the Infinite in all things sees God He who sees the Ratio only sees himself only Therefore God becomes as we are that we may be as he is Translation These works establish how Blake sees the world He argues that every all branches of religion and can be traced back to God we know what we know because God decided to reveal it That said all knowledge passes through the filter of our human perceptions and consciousness Our ability to perceive and establish these truths is what Blake refers to as the Poetic Genius It s this Poetic Genius that lets us be creative ie like God because only God can truly create Here Blake is challenging John Locke one of the notable philosophers of the time Locke believed that humans are born as blank slates and are formed as a result of their sensesWhat they perceive Blake disagrees He says that though morality is something taught ie the result of education our insatiable longing wonder and curiosity is innate and cannot be helped He also states that there is more than What can be perceived by our senses because the universe as a whole is so in nite it can t possibly be perceived God and Poetic Genius falls into this category of in nite that cannot merely be perceived The Ecchoing Green The Sun does arise And make happy the skies The merry bells ring To welcome the Spring The skylark and thrush The birds of the bush Sing louder around T o the bells cheerful sound While our sports shall be seen On the echoing Green Old John with white hair Does laugh away care Sitting under the oak Among the old folk They laugh at our play And soon they all say Such such were the joys When we all girls and boys In our youthtime were seen On the Ecchoing Green Till the little ones weary No more can be merry The sun does descend And our sports have an end Round the laps of their mothers Many sisters and borther Like birds in their nest Are ready for rest And sport no more seen On the darkening Green Translation Stanza l children playing in the morning Spring is great The ecchoing is signi cant because it means youth has happened to others before these children and Will happen to others after them Stanza 2 elderly people remembering their youth Even though the older people are no longer the ones enjoying youth they still take pleasure in remembering it and watching others enjoy it Stanza 3 evening falling and tired children heading home Eventually spring and innocenceyouth end The Lamb Little Lamb who made thee Dost thou know who made thee Gave thee life and bid thee feed By the stream and o er the mead Gave thee clothing of delight Softest clothing wooly bright Gave thee such a tender voice Making all the vales rejoice Little Lamb who made thee Dost thou know who made thee Little Lamb I ll tell thee Little Lamb I ll tell thee He is called by thy name For he calls himself a Lamb He is meek and he is mild I a child and thou a lamb We are called by his name Little Lamb God bless thee Little Lamb God bless thee Translation In this poem Blake explains to the Lamb that he was created and provided for by the Lamb ie God It s intentionally simple and childlike in its admiration for God Blake intentionally alludes to Jesus Christ who is commonly called the Lamb of God He touches on the belief that Jesus Christ became God incarnate and saved Mankind through his death and resurrection The Divine Image T0 Mercy Pity Peace and Love All pray in their distress And to these virtues of delight Return their thankfulness For Mercy Pity Peace and Love Is God our father dear And Mercy Pity Peace and Love Is Man his child and care For Mercy has a human heart Pity a human face And Love the human form divine And Peace the human dress Then every man of every clime That prays in his distress Prays t0 the human form divine Love Mercy Pity Peace And all must love the human form in heathen Turk 0r Jew Where Mercy Love and Pity dwell There God is dwelling t00 Translation Blake professes that Mercy Pity Peace and Love are Godlike characteristics that Man can and should emulate Just as God according to Catholic doctrine became man so can man become like God Nurse s Song When the voices of children are heard on the green And laughing is heard on the hill My heart is at rest within my breast And everything else is still Then come home my children the sun is gone down And the dews of night arise Come come leave o play and let us away Till the morning appears in the skies No no let us play for it is yet day And we cannot go to sleep Besides in the sky the little birds y And the hills are all covered with sheep Well well go and play till the light fades away And then go home to bed The little ones leaped and shouted and laugh d And all the hills ecchoed Translation A nurse tries to convince children to stop playing in nature and come home The children refuse because the little birds y and the hills are all covered with sheep meaning that nature hasn t gone to bed so why should they The nurse agrees to let the children play a little while longer until dark ie until their youth and innocence ends their youth and innocence will end at the natural time on nature s watch not when she or another decides it should All the hills ecchoed means that just as the children wish to be like nature nature by echoingcopying their laughter tries to be like youth Wild pure and untamed Also note that the more complex rhyme scheme This poem is not meant to be seen as light and frivolous as say The Lamb