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LING 1010 Lecture 15 & 16 Notes

by: Sarah Skinger

LING 1010 Lecture 15 & 16 Notes LING 1010

Sarah Skinger
GPA 3.915

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These notes cover what was discussed during lecture 15: The Creolization Argument and lecture 16: The Argument from Spontaneous Signing.
Introduction to Languages and Linguistics
Hendrikus Van Der Hulst
Class Notes
LING 1010, Linguistics, Lecture 15, lecture 16, creolization, sign language
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Skinger on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LING 1010 at University of Connecticut taught by Hendrikus Van Der Hulst in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Languages and Linguistics in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 03/29/16
Lecture 15: The Creolization Argument Grammaticalization  A process of language change by which nouns or verbs erode and lose meaning and  become phonetic markers.  Ex: ‘Will’ → I’ll                ‘able’ → Readable Splitting Model  A proposed explanation for why there are so many different languages.  People together in tribes all spoke the same language. Tribes because too large so they  split up. Over time the languages between the now separate tribes all changed.  Eventually they became completely different languages. o This creates a language family. When the tribe with Language A splits into two  tribes, over time the language of those smaller tribes change and become  Languages B and C. Languages A, B and C are all part of a language family. Proto­World  The ancestor language of all language  It might be the first initial human language  Can be used to indicate that a lost language that was the splitting point of other  languages has been partially reconstructed. Ex: Proto­Germanic Globalization  Languages will not continue to split anymore. For instance, English has dialects but  those dialects will not change further.  This is because we are in communication with each other via the internet, TV, and radio. It holds us in check. The Merging Model  Languages might have merged together to create a new language.  This could have happened when slaves from different language backgrounds were  brought together on a plantation.  The adults would have used their two languages to create one in the middle ­ called a  Pidgin Pidgin  A makeshift “language” formed from the combination of separate languages.  Created and spoken by adults  Simple Grammar  No one’s native language Creole  When children are exposed to a Pidgin, they use their language acquisition device  to turn it into a creole (Although this takes a number of generations)  They give it a grammar and make it an actual language  It is their native language Summary:  We used to create languages from Splitting and Merging  But not we only loose languages due to Globalization Lecture 16: The Argument from Spontaneous Signing Sign Languages  Are True Languages  There is not one universal sign language ­ There is one for each deaf population. Ex:  American Sign Language and British Sign Language  They have not been consciously created  They are not based on spoken languages. Ex: American Sign Language is completely  different from British Sign Language even though the spoken language in both places is  English.  They are not a form of gesturing because they have grammar, and gesturing does not.  They are not primitive  They are not a form of pantomime They are Regular Languages  Children exposed to a sign language either in addition to or instead of a spoken  language will go through the same stages at the same times as children learning a  spoken language do.   It supports the Critical Period Hypothesis because deaf children who are not exposed to  a sign language until many years after birth don’t have the same fluency as those who  learned it earlier.   Also, deaf children who grow up without learning a sign language will develop their own,  called Home Sign. It is what they use to communicate with family members. 


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