Lecture 16 - Culture (cont'd)
Lecture 16 - Culture (cont'd) ORSC 1109
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ORSC 1109 at George Washington University taught by Costanza, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Organizational Sciences in Humanities and Social Sciences at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/29/16
Leslie Ogu ORSC 1109 03/23/2016 Culture (cont’d) Culture ● Strength ○ The extent to which people all agree ● National ● Industry ○ The type of business the organization is in ● People Creating Culture ● The roles people play 1. Needs to be some organization there 2. Founder will bring on additional people who share same values 3. As organization grows, it differentiates and formalizes 4. Less impact later on due to more and more people coming in Embedding Mechanisms ● How does the founder embed, build in and fix the culture they have/want 1. Primary mechanisms a. Attention and Rewards what the founder pays attention to and what they reward b. Reactions to Change how founders react to change and crisis i. Change seen as challenge v. change as bad c. Resource Allocation where does the founder allocate limited resources d. Role Model 2. Secondary Mechanisms indirect impacts that the founder does a. Organizational Design and Structure b. System and Procedures c. Rites and Rituals d. Physical Space how it’s designed / layout / environment of working place e. Mythology story of the founders f. Missions ● Try to make culture early to make things easier NonFounders 1. Socializations how does one learn about the culture a. Collective v. Individualized i. Collective brings an element of sharedness b. Formal v. Informal c. Sequential v. Random i. Sequential: learn in an order ii. Random: learn as you go d. Self v. Other i. Expected to learn on your own? Do you have a mentor or trainer to help you? e. Divesting v. Investing i. Designed to get rid of people who don’t fit the culture or try to make them fit the culture