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Lecture 16 - Culture (cont'd)

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 16 - Culture (cont'd) ORSC 1109

Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

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About this Document

Continued discussion on culture within an organization and how it affects how it is run
Introduction to Organizational Sciences
Costanza, D
Class Notes
Organizational sciences, Culture, organization, Strength, National, Industry, people, creation, roles, differentiate, formalize, founder, invested, impact, embedding mechanisms, Primary, Secondary, reaction, missions, mythology, role model, collective, In
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ORSC 1109 at George Washington University taught by Costanza, D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Organizational Sciences in Humanities and Social Sciences at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 03/29/16
Leslie Ogu ORSC 1109  03/23/2016 ­​ Culture (cont’d)    Culture  ● Strength  ○ The extent to which people all agree  ● National  ● Industry  ○ The type of business the organization is in  ● People    Creating Culture  ● The roles people play  1. Needs to be some organization there  2. Founder will bring on additional people who share same values  3. As organization grows, it ​differentiates and formalizes  4. Less impact later on due to more and more people coming in    Embedding Mechanisms  ● How does the founder embed, build in and fix the culture they have/want  1. Primary mechanisms  a. Attention and Rewards ­ what the founder pays attention to and what they  reward  b. Reactions to Change ­ how founders react to change and crisis  i. Change seen as challenge v. change as bad  c. Resource Allocation ­ where does the founder allocate limited resources  d. Role Model  2. Secondary Mechanisms ­ indirect impacts that the founder does  a. Organizational Design and Structure  b. System and Procedures  c. Rites and Rituals  d. Physical Space ­ how it’s designed / layout / environment of working place  e. Mythology ­ story of the founders  f. Missions  ● Try to make culture early to make things easier    Non­Founders  1. Socializations ­ how does one learn about the culture  a. Collective v. Individualized  i. Collective brings an element of sharedness  b. Formal v. Informal  c. Sequential v. Random  i. Sequential: learn in an order  ii. Random: learn as you go  d. Self v. Other  i. Expected to learn on your own? Do you have a mentor or trainer to  help you?  e. Divesting v. Investing  i. Designed to get rid of people who don’t fit the culture or try to make  them fit the culture 


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