New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 1 Notes

by: Cierra Beyers

Chapter 1 Notes PSY-P 101

Cierra Beyers
GPA 4.05
Introduction to Psychology
Jeff Huber

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the entire notes from all of Dr. Huber's lectures over Chapter 1!
Introduction to Psychology
Jeff Huber
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cierra Beyers on Monday January 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY-P 101 at Indiana University taught by Jeff Huber in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 196 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.

Similar to PSY-P 101 at IU


Reviews for Chapter 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/26/15
Chapter 1 January 15th 20th 22nd Intuitive thinking often useful often wrong Our intuition is limited Our thinking is easily in uenced 4 Thinking Errors 1 Hindsight Bias I knew this would happenquot a Making a postdiction 2 Overconfidence error a Illusion of Validity David Kahneman i Evaluating soldiers for advancement b Elizabeth Loftus Experiment i Watch car crash and report speed 3 Perceiving order in random events a Coincidence error perceiving order in randomness b Meaning error reacting to coincidence as if it has meaning Critical thinking careful style of forming and evaluating knowledge than just using intuition Scientific Method Set up situations to test Make observations Does data fit with our ideas If not modify our ideas and test again Scientific Method Has Revealed Our brain can recover from early childhood brain damage Sleepwalkers aren t acting out their dreams No hidden unused 90 of brain exists Brains don t have memories locked in a file Theory helps understand organize explain predict behavior and events EX All ADHD symptoms are reactions to eating sugarquot Hypothesi testable prediction consistent with theory EX If kid eats sugar he will act hyperquot Danger with theories Our theory can bias our thinking Overconfident Sometimes we look to prove our theory Disconfirm hypothesis prove our theory wrong test all parts Operational definitions guidelines for making accurate unbiased and careful observations Replication Have you already proved the theory Well prove it again Different results mean that first study is awed as well as the theory and hypothesis Description Research Case Study observing and gathering info to study an individual Naturalistic Observation gathering info about behavior by watching not intervening or changing anything Surveys and Interviews having other people report on their own attitudes and behavior Case Study Benefit source of ideas about human nature in general Danger overgeneralizing from one example or atypical sample Example Phineas Gage lost left frontal lobe shows function of brain Naturalistic Observation Used to study more than one individual and find truths that apply to a broader population Survey Random Sampling Chicago Tribune Truman won Not Dewey which is what the paper said People were interviewed by phone not enough people with phones Only wealthy people could afford phones and they tended to side with Dewey Use this if you want to know about a HUGE population Saves time and money Every individual in population has to have and equal chance of being in sample Selection is driven only by chance not by any characteristic Random sampling did not occur in our experiment with oceans and pulse Wording Effects Results from survey change due to wording Anchoring wording of survey Q Should we give aid to poor YES Should we give welfare to poor NO Mississippi River is 2340 miles long Correlation Measures how closely two factors vary together How well you can predict a change in one from observing a change in the other Negative Correlation one goes up the other goes down 0 Facebook friends and time spent studying Positive Correlation one goes up the other goes up 0 height and shoe size Correlation Coefficient number representing strength and directions R value Strength of Relationship how close the dots are to straight line 000 to 100 Just because there is a correlation doesn t mean one causes effects the other quotCorrelation doesn t mean causation Experimenting Experimentation manipulating one factor in a situation to determine its effect Experimental group receive manipulated variable Control group same in every way except the one variable we are changing Independent Variable experimental factor that is manipulated Dependent Variable thing that might change in response to manipulation Confounding Variable factors that might in uence results other than Independent variable 0 These often unintentionally in uence results Placebo Effect subjects change behavior because they expect the change due to intervention EX therapeutic touch People respond if they believe Reduce the Placebo Effect Single blind study control groups is blind to whether or not they are given real or fake treatment Double blind study researchers nor participants know which group is control nor which group is experimental Measures of Central Tendency how scores are distributed Mean Median Mode Deviation how spread out the scores are Standard Deviation how much individual scores vary from average score Skewed vs Normal Distribution Normal curve bell curvequot Weight height and blood pressure all typically have a normal curve Regression to the Mean if variable is extreme on first measurement it will tend to be closer to average on a second measurement Sir Francis Darwin EX If a golfer does extremely well on day 1 then on day 2 he is likely to be less successful than day 1 Vise versa Are results statistically reliable Not biased Are they random Is there a good representation of the population we want to study Was there an equal change to be control and experimental group Are there a lot of data points Did we use good data collection procedures


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.