1/22 notes HIST 3013: Civil War Reconstruction
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Angie Bell on Tuesday January 27, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HIST 3013: Civil War Reconstruction at Ohio State University taught by Joan Cashin in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see Civil War and Reconstruction in History at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 01/27/15
1222015 War Begins firing on Fort Sumter starts the Civil War Confederacy fires the first shot of the war Lincoln wanted it to start that way Lincoln calls for soldiers to help start the insurrection at the fort asks for three months of service by a volunteer army Upper South secedes after Fort Sumter Lower South left between 1860 December March 1861 Upper seceded in 1861 April and May still are slave states in the Union not just slave states vs free states Delaware very small only three counties strong Unionist population never really considered secession Maryland active secessionist movement mayor of Baltimore was a secessionist if Maryland had seceded than DC would have been entirely surrounded by the Confederacy Kentucky great strategic keep for the Union geography as a barrier from the Confederacy to the free state Ohio and keeps total control of the Ohio River and all the farm land to feed the Union Missouri very divided politically secessionist sentiments Nathaniel Lyon was a Missourian who had all state congressmen sympathetic to seceding arrested mountain men in northern Virginia had few slaves and disagreed heartily with seceding from the Union so they met in Wheeling Virginia so they could set up their own state West Virginia and could rejoin the Union Battle of First Bull Run Bull Run is a creek in northern Virginia closest town to it is Manassas idea was to march through northern Virginia to capture Richmond spies in DC warned Richmond Stonewall Jackson made famous because he urged his troops to hold the wall and not flee Unionists start to panic and they flee back to DC the first Confederate victory because the Union collapsed in the battle disgraced McDowell a Union officer souvenir collecting starts after this first major battle shells muskets etc in summer 1861 Rose Greenhow was one of the first obvious Confederate spies in DC her father was murdered by a slave was supposedly having a romantic relationship with a Massachusetts Senator who was on the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs told Confederacy the routes and timing for the planned battle George McClellan from a privileged background worked in the armed services for much of his life seen as the Great Hope of the American military he blames others when bad things happen about 1000 casualties from the Battle of First Bull Run both sides recollect after the battle and try to learn how to fight in a war for the rest of 1861 Lincoln tries to create a blockade around the South so they can t sell crops and become fiscally unviable so Union gets control of the Mississippi to control Richmond the South later doesn t invade the Union because they aren t trying to cause problems want to be left alone as a sovereign country the South attempts to get diplomatic recognition from European powers especially through England because of long trade relationships in Britain British aristocracy was sympathetic with Confederacy much economic reliance on the Confederacy British aristocracy identified more with South because of ideals think that Union is preaching dangerous values of democracy monarch stays quiet and decides to wait and see who wins the war Lincoln puts together a cabinet of capable war people but they don t all work well together Simon Cameron first Secretary of War interested in making money and he takes bribes to give his friends contracts is fired Stanton replaces Cameron had been a Democratic before the war very dedicated to his job colder personality Davis cabinet he plans to run much of the war himself Malory most of the best military men go to the Confederacy Robert E Lee both sides of the war want him to fight on their sides from Virginia his father had fought in the Revolutionary War as a skilled rider Winfield Scott tried to get Lee to join the Union in fighting Lee wasn t a hardcore secessionston the fence politically had married a wealthy slave owning woman and had a plantation Arlington with her Scott offered him position as leader of Union army but Lee couldn t go against his family and state later surrendered to Ulysses S Grant the war was very expensive Lincoln started first ever income tax War Bonds issued about 6 billion total for the whole war why did the volunteers volunteer in the army patriotism both thought they were paying homage to the Founding Fathers for the adventure of war last war on US soil was War of 1812 Mexican War wasn t very large so many of this generation hadn t fought in a war previously and it seemed exciting pressure from women and families to fight for each side