APY 204 March 22, 2016
APY 204 March 22, 2016 APY204
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Notetaker on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APY204 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Everett in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Linguistic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/29/16
APY 204 3/22/2016 Recap: Upper limit on what hist. linguistics can tell us Cognates-words in two different langs that sound similar and have similar meaning, have to share ancestry (not because of borrowing) Compounds- backpack blending- fuse two words together acronyms- scuba, blazer clipping- gasolinegas proper names- Jell-O, Mr. Cleanex, Coke Borrowing- RSVP, rendezvous, barbecue, tapioca (words for places: toponyms… names for geographical spaces borrowed from other cults… like in FL) Folk etymology- new forms of words come into being bc they’re reanalyzed (cold slaw instead of cole slaw) Fear of the unknown- not necessarily that people are more violent, just more necessary for survival... people groups small, whatever is outside is fear of… less evidence that people die at hands of man than before Glottochronology/lexical statistics: using cognates statistically to figure out when languages broke off… formula t= a given period of time t=ln(c)/-L 0.14 (=-L) ln.8=.223/.14=1.59 millennia for 80% shared ln.5=-.69/.14=4.92 millennia if 80% of words are cognates, then protolanguage was spoken ___ya Language Death Social dimension-languages are dying off 96% of world’s people speaks ῀4% of world langs… vice versa Immediate # of native speakers today is fewer people Why are they dying off? o ῀10% of worlds languages considered safe Shared one common lang-better People also develop second language that is a better lang. People that think we should have ne language want they’re won language (ethnolinguistic views How you start talking about this shows your perception on la. Lang is at core of ID o Lang matters o Set to be lost for many people o Matter to people them or out. Lang shift o Group of ppl switch from native language to dominant language Most ppl in world bilingual at least Most people concerned with survival and that of their children 350 Karichiana … surrounded by by atixlaas cult, etc… popu sky rocketed when missionaries came (medic) age dependency ratio is high (under 20- 200ppl, over 60-20 ppl) (20-40 esp women in this group... primarily concerned with next generation) … indicative how many cultures work across the world o Karichiana learn Portuguese bc they want to live, children to survive… must learn langue of the powerful… you have to end up in the city some time in their lives… do it out of economic necessity. A lot of ppl in the city trying to get stuff- resort to seeing stuff, bodies, etc. in order to o You have to learn prominent lang language shift.. Most in karichiana are bilingual, still Portuguese s the power language in the area. Young kids learning to learn other languages o Kids wanting to host to power language- Lang death.. ex: welsh has list coisl values in comparison to English o Isolated groups… karichiana not isolated… other groups in amazon barely contacted… epidemic is transferred when they come in contact with farmers.