MIS 475 : Managing IT projects
MIS 475 : Managing IT projects MIS 475
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Winn on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MIS 475 at Marshall University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.
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Date Created: 03/29/16
Chapter 11: Managing IT projects Explaining Important More Important Two critical management areas for project success: risk management and change management. What defines a project : A project : temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product service or result. Temporary means that every project has a definite beginning and a definite end. Project stakeholders are the individuals and organizations that either involved in the project , or whose interests may be affected as a result of project. : project manager and project team. Project management : “ the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities in order to meet project requirements”. Trade-offs can be subsumed in the project triangle, which highlights the importance of balancing scope, time and cost. Scope creep : this increase in scope after a project has begun is aptly. Project elements : (1) project management: project sponsor and project manager , (2) : project team: team members, (3) : project cycle plan : methodology and schedule , the sequential steps of organizing and tracking the work of the team , (4) a common project vocabulary: effective communication. A strong business plan : gives the project team a reference document to help guide them to go on the right direction. Project management : (1)Identifying requirements of the systems to be delievered (2)Providing organizational integration by defining the team’s structure (3)Assigning team members to work on the project (4)Managing risks and leveraging opportunities (5)Measuring the project’s status, outcomes and exception to provide project control (6)Making the project visible to general management and other stakeholders (7)Measuring project status against plan, often using project management software (8)Taking corrective action when necessary to get the project back on track (9)Project leadership. Organizational culture influences: the leadership style of the project manager and the communication between team members. Socioeconomic influences: on projects include government and industry standards, globalization, and cultural issues. Project cycle plan : 1) Project evaluation and review technique (PERT) Identifies the tasks, orders the tasks in a time sequence, identifies their interdependencies, and estimates the time required to complete the task. 2) Critical path method (CPM) 3) Gantt chart: visual tool for displaying time relationships between project tasks. IT project development methodologies and approaches: systems development life cycle (SDLC) : a traditional tool for developing information systems, or for implementing software developed by an outsourcing provider or software developer. 1- Initiation and feasibility 2- Requirements definition 3- Functional design 4- Technical design and construction 5- Verification 6- Implementation 7- Maintenance and review Agile Development : people-oriented rather than process oriented. Prototyping is a type of evolutionary development, the method of building systems where developers get the general idea of what is needed by the users. Managing IT project risk : 1- Complexity : extent of difficulty and interdependent components of the project. The first is the sheer pace of technological change. 2- Clarity 3- Size
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