Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes
Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes POLC2300-06
Popular in Comparative Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jillian Marks on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLC2300-06 at Tulane University taught by Oliveros, Virginia in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at Tulane University.
Reviews for Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 03/29/16
I. Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government A. Executives and Legislatures Executive – carries out laws and policies of state Legislature – makes laws Difference btw parliamentary and presidential governments seen in characteristics of executive - Who elects executive (origin)? - To whom executive is responsible (survival)? (Who can fire who) B. Types of Democracies Is government responsible to elected legislature? - NO = democracy is presidential - YES = democracy is parliamentary or semi-presidential Legislative responsibility – legislative majority has constitutional power to remove a government from office “without cause,” or political grounds - Vote of no confidence - In presidential systems legislatures need reason for impeachment C. Parliamentary Systems Democracies in which government depends on legislative majority to exist and the head of state is not properly elected for a fixed term - No separation of origin - No separation of survival Government comprised of a prime minister and cabinet - PM – political chief executive and head of government - Cabinet – composed of ministers whose job it is to be the cabinet and head various government departments Head of government ≠ head of state D. Government Formation (origin) Voters do not elect head of government - Voters elect representatives who then choose who should go into government - Head of government and cabinet members elected by members od the legislature Governments forms in two circumstances 1. Following elections 2. Between elections if current government resigns Governments in parliamentary systems must have “confidence” of legislature = majority support - Government stays in office for as long as legislature wants E. Confidence Vote (Survival) If vote of no confidence is initiated if government must resign Governments can also attach vote of no confidence to controversial bills - If bill isn’t passed, government will resign puts pressure on legislature Constructive vote of confidence – must agree on new government before firing old one No fixed terms for head of government or legislature Head of government can call for for anticipated elections - Can call for reelections “fire” parliament as well F. Cabinet Stability Governments can end for two types of reasons 1. Technical (mandated election, death of PM) 2. Discretionary (vote of no confidence, early elections) Why politicians may call early elections 1. When conditions are good increase size of party in parliament 2. Expectations of future problems G. Example of Parliamentary System: UK of Great Britain Constitutional monarchy Legislature has supreme decision-making power – House of Commons Monarch – symbol of national unity but retains almost no power - In theory has power to conduct foreign affairs, appoint judges but in practice doesn’t do any of those Parliament = House of Commons and House of Lords - House of Commons directly elected - House of Lords unelected - Bills may originate in either house but Commons dominates