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Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes

by: Jillian Marks

Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes POLC2300-06

Marketplace > Tulane University > Political Science > POLC2300-06 > Comparative Politics Week 10 Notes
Jillian Marks

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About this Document

These notes cover parliamentary and presidential forms of government
Comparative Politics
Oliveros, Virginia
Class Notes
Comparative Politics
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jillian Marks on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLC2300-06 at Tulane University taught by Oliveros, Virginia in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at Tulane University.

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Date Created: 03/29/16
I. Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government A. Executives and Legislatures  Executive – carries out laws and policies of state  Legislature – makes laws  Difference btw parliamentary and presidential governments seen in characteristics of executive - Who elects executive (origin)? - To whom executive is responsible (survival)? (Who can fire who) B. Types of Democracies  Is government responsible to elected legislature? - NO = democracy is presidential - YES = democracy is parliamentary or semi-presidential  Legislative responsibility – legislative majority has constitutional power to remove a government from office “without cause,” or political grounds - Vote of no confidence - In presidential systems legislatures need reason for impeachment C. Parliamentary Systems  Democracies in which government depends on legislative majority to exist and the head of state is not properly elected for a fixed term - No separation of origin - No separation of survival  Government comprised of a prime minister and cabinet - PM – political chief executive and head of government - Cabinet – composed of ministers whose job it is to be the cabinet and head various government departments  Head of government ≠ head of state D. Government Formation (origin)  Voters do not elect head of government - Voters elect representatives who then choose who should go into government - Head of government and cabinet members elected by members od the legislature  Governments forms in two circumstances 1. Following elections 2. Between elections if current government resigns  Governments in parliamentary systems must have “confidence” of legislature = majority support - Government stays in office for as long as legislature wants E. Confidence Vote (Survival)  If vote of no confidence is initiated if government must resign  Governments can also attach vote of no confidence to controversial bills - If bill isn’t passed, government will resign  puts pressure on legislature  Constructive vote of confidence – must agree on new government before firing old one  No fixed terms for head of government or legislature  Head of government can call for for anticipated elections - Can call for reelections  “fire” parliament as well F. Cabinet Stability  Governments can end for two types of reasons 1. Technical (mandated election, death of PM) 2. Discretionary (vote of no confidence, early elections)  Why politicians may call early elections 1. When conditions are good  increase size of party in parliament 2. Expectations of future problems G. Example of Parliamentary System: UK of Great Britain  Constitutional monarchy  Legislature has supreme decision-making power – House of Commons  Monarch – symbol of national unity but retains almost no power - In theory has power to conduct foreign affairs, appoint judges but in practice doesn’t do any of those  Parliament = House of Commons and House of Lords - House of Commons directly elected - House of Lords unelected - Bills may originate in either house but Commons dominates


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