HY 121 notes Week 11
HY 121 notes Week 11 HY 120
Popular in The United States To 1877
Popular in History
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jada Beckham on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 120 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Pamela S. King in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see The United States To 1877 in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 03/29/16
HY 121 st Alexander Hamilton 1 Secretary of treasury Head of Finance- Robert Morris o The only department in the federal gov. before the constitution o Americans did not want a big executive branch Thomas Jefferson- led the antifederalist o Believed in weak central gov. Alexander Hamilton-led the federalist o Believed in strong central gov. a weak state gov. o Federalist won Antifederalist inserted the Bill of Rights Thomas Jefferson’s view of race (Africans) Reasons why whites are superior because blacks already believe whites are superior Says the word be boring if everyone was the same or equal More sensation than reflection Has the same views towards Native Americans and women Thomas Jefferson is as sophisticated as it gets 1780s U.S. enters into an early and new phase of existence o France enters into its own revolution (French revolution) o France declares war on England o The U.S. then decides which side they want to support st Antifederalist ends and become the 1 republican party Federalists doesn’t like the French revolutionaries o Federalist sides with England Republicans (antifederalist) Thomas Jefferson sides with France o Starts competition Scandals arose during this period and every scandal that arises creates a new opportunity for political competitors to make ground o Citizen Genet-scandal that involved a French diplomat o He tried to bride some American officials o The federalist who doesn’t like the French make a deal about it and try to use the Citizen Genet affair to push George Washington towards England than France XYZ affair-another scandal, it was similar to Citizen Genet that it involved French diplomats that made some American federalist angry and use the XYZ affair to get the government on their side 1796 another presidential election-John Adams ran against Thomas Jefferson o John Adams wins 2 president (federalist) 1800s another election and Thomas Jefferson is president o 1 election where everybody breath was held because no country in the world as ever changed governments (federalist to antifederalist) without killing the opponents o Questions is now can another group change governments peacefully 1800 Prosser’s Rebellion-1792 the island of Haiti under the leader of Toussant Overture (who was a slave) led the rebellion and so successful that slavery not only came down in Haiti but France abolishes slavery o Prosser was a follower to Toussant Overture o Slave owners cracks nd 2 Great Awakening occurs around the same time as Prosser’s Rebellion o Religious revival movement made up of Baptist, Methodist o A powerful mass movement inside the United States o Emergences of women moving into more visible and powerful position (Baptist & Methodist) o Includes everyone is equal before God, by 1800s white Americans believed that Christianity should be accessible to slaves U.S. figures how to make transportation network without raising taxes o Build toll roads-can’t travel on them unless you pay a fee st o Canals were now brought up- 1 major canal in the U.S. is Erie Canal (connects the U.S. to Canada by way of the great lakes) Built by private corporations 1801 Thomas Jefferson pushes the judiciary act of 1801 o While the Supreme court debates about this act, another bigger deal sparks up st Marbury vs Madison- 1 land mark decision o The supreme court has the right to view any legislation of any state or any legislation that comes out of congress and at the end of the review they can declare legislation Chief Justice of the supreme court is John Marshall for 35 years o A federalist that believes that the power of the United States ought to be 1 at the nd federal level, and 2 at state level o Believes that the U.S needs to industrialize and capitalistic Thomas Jefferson is going to accused of trying to quote and pact the corps with antifederalist 1803 Jefferson purchases the Louisiana territory / big deal =big govt o Doubles the size of the united states 1804 Thomas Jefferson is re-elected o The federalist begin to organize to stop him o They organize an organization called the Essex Junto