New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

General Psychology

by: Rachel Qualls

General Psychology Psyc 2003

Marketplace > Psychlogy > Psyc 2003 > General Psychology
Rachel Qualls


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what will be on Exam Three.
General Psychology
Garrett Pollert
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Qualls on Tuesday March 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2003 at a university taught by Garrett Pollert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


Reviews for General Psychology


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/29/16
Monday, March 28, 2016 Psychology Lecture Notes Week Ten Lecture Notes for Test Three - Infants tend to develop motor abilities from head to toe, and then inside out - synaptic pruning* - There isn't a critical period for word learning - *Overextension - A child learning the word shirt and then calling every piece of clothing he sees a shirt - Cognitive Psychology: Schemas, Assimilation, and Accommodation - Schemas: theories about the way the world works - Two ways that we manipulate schemas: Assimilation and Accommodation - Assimilation: interpreting new experiences in terms of existing schemas (fitting something new into what we already know) - Accommodation: Changing existing schemas to explain new experiences (changing what we know to fit something new) - know the difference between assimilation and accommodation - Cognitive Development Piaget - father of developmental psychology - he published first scientific article at age 11 - believe that you could pinpoint a child’s developmental stage by examining the errors the child made - made theory by studying his children - Sensorimotor stage (from birth to age 2) - kids go through a lot of development - kids mostly develop the ability to sense environment and move around in it - progression: (exercising motor responses - reflexes - around one month old. Or they start to interact with the environment - such as tasting everything - from 1 to 4 months old. Or they are intentionally engaging in behavior - such as rattling a rattle - from 4 to 8 months old. - Egocentrism: world exist only for child. If they cannot experience it, it does not exist (can’t see mom then cant understand she is still nearby) if they can’t see it, it doesn't exist 1 Monday, March 28, 2016 - Object Permanence: able to form a mental representation of objects which results in knowing *** - Around 8 months old, babies develop stranger anxiety - this develops after object permanence - Preoperational stage: age 2 to 6 - children developing an understanding of the physical environment - use language to represent objects in their minds - mental representations unable to be manipulated - Anthropomorphizing: giving human characteristics to inanimate objects - ex: clouds must be sad when it rains because I cry when I’m sad. this is assimilation - egocentrism: inability to take the perspective of another person - Conservation: the principle that if nothing is taken away or added, mass, volume and number remain the same. Changing the form doesn’t change the amount if nothing is taken away or added. - Centration: center attention on one dimension - Concrete Operational Stage - Age 6 to 12 - they lack abstract thought such as What is freedom? they can begin to use logical reasoning and can manipulate visible mental representations - Formal Operational Stage (age 12 and up) - learned to reason about abstract concepts - Formal Operational Thought: abstract, idealistic, and logical - abstract: can solve abstract algebraic equations - Idealistic: can think about ideal characteristics of themselves, others, and the world - logical: can devise plans to solve problems and systematically test solutions - Limitations of Piaget: doesn't examine individual differences, doesn't explain mechanisms that underlie changes from one stage to another, doesn't view the larger social networks that influence child development, timeline of each stage was off (methodology) - Notes on March 30, 2016: - The more intelligent someone is, the more likely they are to have mental disorders. This is false. 2 Monday, March 28, 2016 - A teratogen is any substance which causes damage to the developing child in utero - Within Nature v. Nurture debate, people who argue for the Nurture side believe that learning is the driving force in human development. - Piaget’s theory of development had 4 stages of cognitive development. - Age 2 to 6 is Preoperational - Assimilation - believing that all humans are good and nothing bad will ever happen. - ***Object Permanence - Around 6 months old, the child develops a specific type of attachment. - Wire Mother Experiment: Harry Harlow… questioned the gap in research concerning the emotional connection between mother and child. - “Strange Situation” Study: Mary Ainsworth - examining attachment styles in babies (emotional bonds, determined by the environment, NOT biology) - Examining how babies react to a situation where mother leaves baby with stranger - how the baby interacts with mother upon her return/ looking at how baby interacts with others while the mother is present - Secure attachment: relationship where infant feels comfortable exploring in presence of caregiver and seeks caregiver for reassurance - Insecure attachments: there are three types - Attachment Styles: (1) Secure (60% of U.S. babies) - freely explore lab - moderately upset when mom leaves - stranger comfort rejected - warm loving response when mom returns - occurs when the caregiver is attentive - (2) Avoidant: (20% kids) - unresponsive to mom - not distressed when mom leaves - react to stranger in the same way - actively avoids and ignores mom when she returns - (3) Anxious/Ambivalent (15%) - never seem comfortable - highly distressed when mom leaves - cannot be comforted at reunion - shows anger and resistance to mother - this occurs when the caregiver is attentive but intrusive, and not responsive to the infant’s cues - (4) Disorganized (5%) - no consistent pattern of responses - confused - may or may not show distress when mom leaves, may or may not go to her when she returns - may show contradictory behavior 3 Monday, March 28, 2016 - Parenting Styles: two dimensions of parenting (Behavior Regulation and Support) - There are four parenting styles: (1) Authoritative (2) Authoritarian (3) Permissive (4) Uninvolved - Developmental Outcomes - Authoritative - more responsive and mature - Authoritarian - withdrawn, lower self esteem - Permissive - impulsive, misconduct, and drug use - Uninvolved - emotionally withdrawn, misconduct - Temperament: characteristic patterns of emotional reactivity - biologically based - stable over time - predict adult personality - Relationship Schemas: set of beliefs about the self, the primary caregiver, and the relationship between them. - Notes on April 1, 2016: - A child who has an understanding of object permanence but who fails the conservation task is in which stage of cognitive development? Proportional - ***Avoidant - Social Psychology: The study of the causes and consequences of sociality - Social Behavior: how people interact - Intrapersonal: existing or occurring within the individual self or mind - Interpersonal: existing or occuring between individuals - Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: Animas aggress when their desires are frustrated - Desire + Frustration = Aggression - Prisoner’s Dilemna: bonus example 4


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.