Constitutional Convention PSC2302
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Allie Patterson on Tuesday January 27, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to PSC2302 at Baylor University taught by Stephen Block in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see American Constitutional Development in Political Science at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 01/27/15
Federalist 51 chapter 4 ACE Article III of the Constitution ACE l IIL In Lquot Abl Brutus 1 powers given to the federal government by the constitution would lead to the dissolution taxes Brutus 1 does not claim people s elected reps need to have the integrity and ability to resist quotoccasional temporary Madison39s Vices Internal Problems in States 0 Multiplicity of State Laws 0 Mutability of State Laws delusionsquot o Injustice of State Laws Author Federalist 10 James Shays Rebellion Madison Federaist 10 government a republic because it employs a system of representation Federaist 10 eliminating the CAUSES of faction false Federaist 51 address how Annr llr n nn IIIIIlInn nrnr nr ln 0 17861878 0 Creditors versus Debtors o lneffectiveness of StatesNational Government to Maintain Civil Order and Rule of Law The Constitutional Convention of 1787 0 May 15 September 17 1787 0 Philadelphia PA 0 55 total delegates from all the original states except Rhode Island small states like the system of equal representation larger states do not 0 quotClosedquot Proceedings Constitutional Convention 0 First Major Issue Representation Large States versus Small States also regional debate north versus south slavery and presidency how should president be chosen etc Virginia Plan Large State Plan considered the national state plan antistate plan 0 Proposal National Legislature Bicameral 2 houses Representation Selection of Representatives 0 Lower House Direct Election 0 Upper House Chosen by the Lower House 0 Proposal The National Executive Term of Office Not Said not clear Plural or Unitary Not Said not decided until the convenUon Selection Congressional Choice elect congress congress chooses the executive and they choose the president on purpose because you cant have an independent representative to choose the president veto power would mean a whole lot less OneTerm Limit keep the executive independent of congress not dependent on congress 0 Proposal The National Judiciary Selection ofJudges Not Said SizeMakeup of National Judiciary Not Said Tenure of Office quotDuring Good Behaviorquot Compensation Fixed 0 Other Proposals National Veto of State Laws quotCouncil of Revisionquot a body made of judges and that can tell congress not to pass a law Republican Government Guarantee almost directly related to Shays Rebellion guarantee the federal government will insure the laws are maintained 0 The New Jersey Plan prostate plan 0 Reform of Articles of Confederation More Legislative Powers to Congress Taxing Powers Stamps Postage Foreign Imports 0 Regulation of Commerce Among States and with Foreign Nations National Executive 0 Plural Selected by Congress 0 by Majority of State Governors National Judiciary 0 Does not propose not change the representation for congress that the articles have therefore you have a unicameral and equal representation no matter how big the state is o The Hamilton Plan most antistate plan extreme puts the Virginia plan in a better light 0 The British Model Abolition of State Governments National Executive Chosen Through Direct Election 0 LifeTerm National Legislature Upper House LifeTerm if the term was 1 year they wouldn t be able to do much in 1 year but you do need to have 1 election to elect the representative 0 Lower House Not Said National Judiciary does do lifeterm quotThe Great Compromisequot 0 July 161787 Senate Equal Representation 2 representatives House of Representatives Proportional Representation in the house 0 35 Clause Article I Section 2 Clause 3 O O quotRepresentatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union according to their respective Numbers which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons included those bound to Service for a Term of Years and excluding Indians not taxed three fths of all other Personsquot Slavery not mentioned in the Constitution leave it with the states MigrationImportations Clause Article I Section 9 Clause 1 O O quotThe Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing sha think proper to admit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation not exceeding ten dollars for each Personquot Slavery not in the Constitution you cannot have property in human beings Fugitive Save Clause Article IV Section 2 Clause 3 O O quotNo Person held to Service or Labour in one State under the Laws thereof escaping into another shall in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein be discharged from such Service or Labour but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be duequot If you kidnap someone and say they are your slave they are not technically your slave 0 THE clause that the south wins on you do not simply become free if you escape
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