F101 First Week of Notes
F101 First Week of Notes FOLK-F101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Lynn on Tuesday January 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FOLK-F101 at Indiana University taught by Dr. Brandon Barker in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 195 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Folklore in Literature at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 01/27/15
F101 Intro to Folklore 1142015 Pictograph Ideographic writing Sumerian cuneiform Sumerians positioned within modern day Iraq Phonological Writing circa 1000 to 800 BC written symbols correlate to spoken sounds usually conosonants and vowels quotbagquot voiced vilabial stop b low front lax ae velar stop g quotpuckquot unvoiced unbiabial stop p unvoiced velar stop lk Orality vs Literacy 8 Differences or recognizing writing as a technology 1 Speech is full of paralinguistic clues outside of words themselvesgtgt facial expressions posture gestures ex today s Internet emoticons are impoverished paralinguistic clues ex sarcasm 2 Speech has intonation and rhythm Inside of words themselves Inotation Volume Rhythm speed Ex John s car is white All CAPS is not the same thing as yelling in Internet ranting 3 Speech can be modi ed on the spot Most writing once sent to the receiver is never modified 4 Speech is primarily disposable Almost all speech is intended for one time use Most writing is intended for multiple usages andor storage purposes Ex rst writing were economical grocery lists account records etc 5 Speech is primarily used for interactional purposes Speech maintain human relationships Writing is must often used for transactional purposes 6 Speech relies on relatively simple syntax We normally speak in conglomeration of simple fragments and runons 7 Speech contains a lower level of content per sentence Speech is very repetitive because listeners must receive all information as it is being spoken Writing contains more information and is less repetitive gt can be received at the receiver s pace 8 Speech is situationally transparent Writing separates the knower from the known Whatwhom does the computerInternet separate Language 12112015 Folklorists are concerned only with descriptive not prescriptive studies of languages Human Language More than 6000 languages are spoken today Major languages English Spanish Arabic Chinese Word meaning is almost always arbitarary why is a pickle called a quotpicklequot gt it is not iconic but tradition dictates it gt Ex of a word that is iconic and not arbitrary ruff as in a dog is iconic and not arbitrary Human languages can express in nite meaning gt There is no end to what are linguistic lexicon can produce gt Human language is the most powerful communicator on the planet The Language Instinct gt All children are born into a cultural linguistic folk group 0 46 months children begin to babble 0 1013 months children begin to make words Ex Mama and quotDadaquot are similar in sound linguistically across cultures because children tend to say these words rst because these are the people that care for them 24 months children make short phrases o 34 years children form sentences Ex ass vs ask 0 56 years children have full grammar and linguistic capabilities 0 Everyone has an accent Dialect how you saw words or pronounce words dependent on the region in which you live ex South West Midwest etc lnclass video Cabinet shake in Rhode Island Gumband rubber band in Pittsburg Jambalaya spicy rice stew in Louisiana Antigogglin not square Schlep to carry in New York Dialect Maps Ain39t Prescriptive vs Descriptive Language Analysis The folklorist describes what people say Grammarians prescribe what people say ex Don t end sentence in a preposition Differences in speech in different social contexts Other Contractors 18th and 19th century Grammarians Condemned with Ain39t Ain t even thought not considered grammatically correct it does however have something traditional It is a word and it is traditionalized Ex 1 Sheis not ain t here now all AE all standard American EngHsh 2 I am not ain t gonna not all AE 3 l have not ain t seen her in a long time all AE 4 He didn t not ain t tell me he was sorry AAE African American English 5 I did notain t go to school yesterday AAE White and Blacks use AAE because of hiphoprap music This theory illustrates its not to easy to say people say something only based off where they are from exclusively