Week 4 Lecture- Minerals pt. 1
Week 4 Lecture- Minerals pt. 1 GEO 101
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Emma Foster on Tuesday January 27, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to GEO 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Keene in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 160 views.
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Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!
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Date Created: 01/27/15
Minerals Lecture Chemistry review Box 31 in textbook Element periodic table of elements Simplest chemical substances Cannot be broken down into other substances All mater is made of elements Atoms Smallest unit of an element Composed of Protons Neutrons Electrons Other subatomic particles Number of protons element atomic number C6 08 Number of electrons charge ion N u a o a q an ID 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 17 13 1 1H 9pm 3 Sen Mauls onmla I 2 E W M 3quot EI 5 21 392 I 2 3915 1 39139 I 39239 39 m m a u n m an m I I II I 3 u 1 5 v b in vuo 1 inquot Rh 439quot M L 3 r 7 7 n N 75 76 n 7 N a gull gugag aquot 5quot I quotquot39 m quotmquot 7 1quot 739 3 n M I 39I 39W quotW quotquot lquotll Iquot i ll39 7 R1 ion jag iBh iHs am ins fag Ulls 9 r r m u y n 39 C Neutrons protons isotope atomic weight 12C 13C 14C Two kinds of isotopes 0 Stable o Radioactive How do atoms join together an attractive force that holds two or more atoms together 1 Covalent bonds 9 quot0quot 0 o o atoms share electrons 0 o lo 0 2 Ionic bonds 0 0 transfers of electron one atom positive other atom negative 3 Metallic bond 9 sharing a sea of electrons 9 9quot easily shaped ood conductor 39 39 39 39 g 0 O 0 4 van der Waals force weak charge in a neutral atom or molecule Holds clay together and determines how sediment is going to move 0 Carbon12 Carbon13 Carbon14 stable stable unstable radloacuve Key 0 Proton 0 Neutron u Electron J 1 7 7m umme ty 0 xxx mm Vacs391 LV LIAV w Cl 7 Elocnon IS given away at 0 iquot lt1 0 0 0 0 Alom w h Sp OlC elocrror l Needs or election to become stable Carbon atoms VanderWaals bondsi i i a a i i a I 0 0 l i Covalent E bonds m 1922mmquot Wm am 5 me All quotgm veserved When atoms are bonded together by any of these bonds they become a gtlltgtlltgtlltgtlltgtllt Mineral Five major characteristics naturally occurring can39t make it in a lab solid oil is not a mineral inorganic not alive definable chemical composition specific crystalline structure Chemical formula Recipe of element relative amounts examples H20 water SiOZ quartz Crystalline structure Atoms are in fixed pattern 7 7 Identifying minerals can39t use composition alone i 7 A 10 must use crystalline structure How do minerals form 5 ways 1 solidification of a melt freezing many minerals created out of one melt 2 precipitation from a solution Atoms or molecules in liquid come out of solution 3 solid state diffusion atoms moving in a nonmelted solid new mineral from old pressure and heat atoms inside migrate and reconfigure 4 bio mineralization organism creates precipitation from a solution Bones are made up of several minerals 5 fumarolic mineralization crystallization from a vapor geysers and volcanoes