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Date Created: 01/28/15
Elena Bassin History 291W History of Baseball 12814 I Origins of the Sport in the 19th Century A Doubleday Myth 1 The official story has Abner Doubleday inventing baseball in 1839 2 But he was at West Point then 3 Both in NY but too far 4 It is a myth that was created long after baseball was created B Baseball wasn39t quotInventedquot 1 It evolved from other sports a Formal college games i Rugby track b Informal town games i Extremely informal roughhousing and fighting c Through a collision of these two trends C Baseball39s Evolution 1 Mostly from three imported English games a Town Ball Rounders Cricket D Rounders Field 1 4 stones 1220 yards apart 2 No set number of players 3 Everyone who showed up was just divided by two 4 Peckerfeeder pitcher 5 Stiker batter 6 Ran clockwise E Town Ball 1 Sometimes called baseball 2 Dutch settlers played stool ball 3 Played in town common F The American Game 1 Associational Impulse a Occurred at a time when people where defining what it meant to be American b More than any other people Americans love to form clubsleagues c US culture begins to embrace associations 2 Ongoing Urbanization a Took rise post revolutionary war when towns were ourishing 3 Need for Leisure 5 Game was for playing not spectators G First Baseball 1 The Knickerbocker Base Ball Club of New York a 1842 Gentleman met at 27th amp 4th Ave b Alexander Cartwright bank teller amp volunteer fire fighter suggest formal organization in 1845 batter c Played in Hoboken at the Elysian Fields d Elaborate banquets followed at times were more concerned about that H Early Competition 1 At first Knickerbockers played among themselves 2 June 16 1846 Knickerbockers played the NY Base Ball Club in Hoboken a 1st game btwn 2 different teams 3 Knickerbockers then started tradition of wearing distinctive uniforms a Began to establish the rules of the game Paid dues to afford banquets Great example of how Americans form clubs More interested in the social aspect than the sport Had no idea of the significance of the game Club President picked two captains and an Umpire Captains assigned positions a First difference between baseball and town ball 10 Played four innings I Regularized Rules 1 Set size weight amp materials for balls a Winners got to keep the ball as trophy 2 Set standards for bats 3 No other equipment was to be used a No helmets 4 Regularized the field J Regularized Pitching Rules 1 Pitcher had to toss the ball gently in an underhanded movement toward the DOOOLAlgt a Job was so the batter could hit the ball 2 Once in motion couldn39t stop a Origin of ball 3 Pitcher was obligated to encourage contact K Regularized Fielding Rules 1 Ball caught in one bounce or in air was out 2 Had to throw it to a base 3 Could not peg runners L Organizing Rules 1 Innings lasted 3 outs 2 teams had to have an organized batting order 3 And games lasted 9 innings or to 21 runs M Growth US helped spread the Game 1 Railroads and the telegraph changed cities relationships to each others 2 News and ppl traveled further and faster a When this occurs it39s revolutionary 3 Rivalry between the gothams and knickerbockers and that rivalry fueled expansion 4 And a growing urban middle class was always on the lookout for new activities especially those they saw as tied to elites a For middle class people looking to rise you play baseball N Becoming National 1 The aforementioned changes began the process 2 But the CiVil War brought ppl together from every region and so the game spread 3 Post 1865 acceleration of trends tying the nation together allowed to further spread of the games a This happens as the middle class attempts to emulate the elite