New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week One of Notes (January 27th)

by: Amalia Cristiano

Week One of Notes (January 27th) 21648

Marketplace > San Diego State University > 21648 > Week One of Notes January 27th
Amalia Cristiano
GPA 3.52

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Hi this is the first week of notes from the Holocaust Course! In-depth description of the history of Judaism in the ancient world.
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Holocaust

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amalia Cristiano on Wednesday January 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 21648 at San Diego State University taught by Hay in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 169 views.

Similar to 21648 at SDSU


Reviews for Week One of Notes (January 27th)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/28/15
Holocaust Notes January 27th Two schools of thought as to why the Holocaust occurred 1 Intentialism and German character The idea that the Germans always planned to eventually kill off undesirables particularly Jews Explains the Holocaust as a oneoff event 2 Functionalism The idea that a bunch of things just came together at once through historical circumstances Best supported by historical evidence For example no record of Hitler ever mentioning an intent to kill Jews before the warno top Nazi official in fact History of Judaism AntiSemitism antiJewish sentiment or hatred of all things Jewish In Europe Jews were the only significant minority group Christians majority 4000 years ago in the Middle East approx what is now Iraq lived Hebrew Tribes Multiculturaldifferent ethnic groups also resided there Then for mysterious reasons the Hebrew Tribes migrated from Iraq and returned to a nomadic lifestyle from a more urban lifestyle Their patriarch was considered to be Abraham He is also considered the founder of Judaism and thus Christianity and Islam as well After the migration Abraham entered into a covenant or agreement with the Hebrew god known as El Shaddai or God of the RockMountain The terms of this covenant were that the Hebrew people would worship only El Shaddai and reject all other gods In return El Shaddai promised the Hebrews protection and to guidance to a new homeland calling the Hebrews his chosen people gtgtgt1000 years later approx 1000 BCE the ancient Hebrews took possession of their holy land which was the Land of Canaan historically known as Palestine and currently the nation of Israel The Hebrews chose Jerusalem as their capital They built a large temple for worship considered one of the great wonders of the ancient world which was the center of their faith and community The Hebrews were also able to turn ancient Israel into a major power by military force because they were skilled fighters and warriors Eventually the Hebrew tribes split into two kingdoms a result of con ict among the Hebrews themselves Approx 900 BCE However the ancient Hebrews beliefs continued to develop For example El Shaddai was converted to simply Yahweh because it was not a proper name which re ects the Hebrews belief that God is too big to be reduced to a name However the Hebrews were not yet completely monotheistic Although they believed in one god for their people they acknowledged that other groups such as the Pharisees had their own gods they worshipped gtgtgtgtIn 586 BCE Israel and Judah disappeared by conquest from outside empires Jerusalem was destroyed including the temple The Hebrew people became homeless having lost the land given to them by Yahweh They did not regain possession of this land until 1948 The empire that sacked Jerusalem was the Babylonian empire They enslaved captured Hebrews and began a period known as Babylonian Captivity Babylonian Captivity Babylonians brought enslaved Hebrews to Babylon to work as slaves During this time however the Hebrews solidified their beliefs and became completely monotheistic They also began to put together religious texts eventually compiling five books that would become the sacred Torah The Torah told the basic history of the Jews and their laws The first five books of the Torah are also the Old Testament in the Bible Later on the Torah was joined by the rest of the Hebrew Bible which is mostly made up of prophecies letters and stories Hebrew leaders continued to remind believers of their faith and laws through creation of a Jewish calendar which included holy days and rituals Most importantly it included the Sabbath a weekly holy day that begins at sundown Friday night and continues until Saturday at sundown During this time Jews were expected not to work or do any kind of labor The Babylonian Captivity ended in approximately 500 BCE when they were conquered The Hebrews were set free which marked the age of their Restoration Restoration During this time the Hebrews restored the temple although it was not as magnificent as the original and returned to Jerusalem The Jewish religion also continued to evolve becoming known as Temple Judaism This involved rituals centered around the temple and the temple also became the center of economic and political life and power However Jewish power was limited because they still did not have possession of the land gtgtIn approx 200 BCE the Roman Empire was established around Jerusalem The Roman Empire was tolerant of religions but still required laws and taxes to be followed by subjects of the empire Judea was a province of the Roman Empire and most of the inhabitants were not Jewish once again making the Jews a minority There were also frequent Jewish rebellions against authority They still felt that the land belonged to them In 71 CE the Romans crushed a rebellion and destroyed most of the second temple in Jerusalem This marked the Diaspora Diaspora Means dispersal After the crushing of the rebellion many Jewish families left and migrated all over the world Once again the Jews were homeless and without a temple of worship leading many to consider the Torah a portable temple because it was all they had The Jews also shifted from Temple Judaism to Rabbinic Judaism a large reason why the Jewish religion surVived the Diaspora and consequent actions against them Rabbis were teachers who met with small groups of male students to teach and keep the traditions of Judaism alive Through this the Jewish tradition of a high value on education was developed including the ability to read think write and debate no matter socioeconomic status or occupation


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.