Chapter 3 Notes
Chapter 3 Notes BTE 210
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dalia Szkolnik on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BTE 210 at University of Miami taught by Geraldine Perez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 413 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Business Technology & Innovation in Information System at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Chapter 3 Notes Ethics and Privacy 3.1 Ethical Issues Ethics principles of right and wrong that individuals use to make choices that guide their behavior Ethical Frameworks • Used standards o Utilitarian approach Ethical action is the one that provides the most good or does the least harm o Rights approach Ethical action is the one that best protects and respects the moral rights of the affected parties o Fairness approach Ethical action that treat all humans equally, or if unequally, then fairly, based on some defensible standards o Common good approach Ethical action is one that best serves the community as a whole, important to the welfare of everyone and not just for some members Steps to Ethical Decision Making Framework 1. Recognize ethical issue 2. Get the facts 3. Evaluate alternative actions 4. Make a decision and test it 5. Act and reflect on the outcome of the decision Ethics in the Corporate Environment • Code of ethics collection of principles that are intended to guide decision making by members of an organization • Fundamental tenets of ethics o Responsibility accepting consequences of your actions o Accountability determining who is responsible o Liability legal concept that gives individuals the right to recover the damages done to them by other individuals, organizations, or systems **Something that is unethical is not necessarily illegal Ethical Issues Related to IT • Privacy issues collecting, storing, and disseminating information about individuals • Accuracy issues authenticity, fidelity, and accuracy of information that is collected and processed • Property issues ownership and value of information • Accessibility issues revolve around who should have access to information and whether a fee should be paid for this access 3.2 Privacy Privacy Right to be left alone and to be free of unreasonable personal intrusions Right to determine when, and to what extent, information about you can be gathered and/or communicated to others Courts decisions have allowed two rules: 1. The right to privacy is not absolute. Privacy must be balanced against the needs of society 2. The public’s right to know supersedes the individual’s right of privacy Collecting data • Digital dossier data integrated from data fathered about you in a typical day (surveillance cameras, credit card transactions, telephone calls, banking transactions) • Profiling process of forming a digital dossier • Data aggregators companies that collected public and nonpublic data and integrate them to produce electronic description of you and your habitats Electronic surveillance • Using technology to monitor individuals as they go about their daily routines • Conduced by employers, governments, and other institutions • Digital sensors (inexpensive) are found in laptop webcams, video game sensors, smartphone cameras, passports, and ID cards o Smartphones create geotags o Google and Microsoft street view images o Satellite imaging Privacy Codes and Policies • Organization’s guidelines for protecting the privacy of its customers, clients, and employees o Opt-out model permits company to collect personal information until customer requests data to not be collected o Opt-in model prohibits organization from collecting personal information unless customer authorizes it (privacy advocates prefer this) • Platform for Privacy Preferences (P3P) o Protocol that communicates privacy policies between web site and visitors • US Federal Trade Commission’s Fair Information Practices Standard • European Directive on Data Privacy o Any data that identifies individual is owned by the individual o Data processors will be held responsible for data protection • The global nature of the Internet complicates data privacy