Psychology of Adolescence Week 9
Psychology of Adolescence Week 9 Psy 332
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Patrinos on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 332 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Fruiht in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Psychology of Adolescence Psych 332 Week 9 10292015 Culture Leisure and Media Culture and Adolescence Adolescence is partly a cultural construction Culturally bound quotcoming of age rituals mark the entrance to adu hood Do we have one in majority western culture Study Time Use quotexperience Sampling Methodquot ESM 0 rst step to understanding youth cultural and time use 0 Researchers beep participants throughout the day and participants report what they are doing how they are feeling etc 0 Gave teens pagers that would tell them when to ll out a survey Cultural Norms Around Time Use How teens spend their time is dependent upon culture o Is school mandatory If mandatory more teens will spend time at school o Is work expected Some families expect people to help but others what their kids to worry about school 0 Stigmatized 0 Available Nnnlndustniali PDSTIND39USTRML SCHDDlLED FUTPU MTIONS Unschouled Activity Populations Europe East si a Pald labor I115 to 8 hours 411m at minutes it to 2i minutes i to 10 minutes 39 TV MIMIng A iii to hours ll5 to 25 hours 15 to 25 hours 3i tn 6i minutes 2 to 80 minutes it to 20 minutes lrl39rnllnllp39ri l 397 I rzljlceh t Itquot 39l i39i llili cjijai Note he estimates in the table are averaged across a 1day weellat including weekdays and weekendscTime spent in maintenance activities like eatingi persenal care and sleeping is not inclludecl The data for o nen39inclurstrial unschpolecl populations corne primarily from rural peasant populations in developing countries 0 the impact of work 0 quotmiddle classquot youth 0 more opportunities to goof off 0 not responsible jobs usually don t have high standards for adolescent jobs 0 linked with more problem behavior can get into more trouble with extra money 0 poor youth 0 nancial support for the family 0 overwork is detrimental to school and mental health functioning 20 hours How do US adolescentsspend their time 100 90 q I Leisure 80 70 I Organized activities 60 I School work 50 40 I Paid work 30 I Housework 20 10 I Personal care 0 Girls 1970s Girls 2000s Boys 19705 Boys 20005 When are teens happiest Moods are most positive with friends Moods with family decline in early adolescence 1013 and rise in middle adolescence 1315 When are teens most bored 0 Things they have to do 0 Homework class work jobs etc More bored in social studies reading language study hall etc o Less bored in sports leisure games eating etc What is Leisure to a US teen 100 90 I Passive eggs TV secialising 70 I Cernputer legs 60 Internet sur ng 50 melee games 40 I Physical 30 sperts exercising I Intellectual eggs reading hebbies 0 Girls ECst Weekday Afternoonh Not a good thing when teens have nothing to do 0 Study on aggravated assault 0 Most time to get arrested is 3pm on a school day No parental supervision after school more time Extracurriculars 0 23 of adolescents are in at least one extracurricular activity 60 I Boys I Girls 50 40 30 Score 20 10 Sport39s only Nonsports Multiple No only activities participation Activity Bene ts of Extracurriculars Increased contract with teachers and responsible adults 0 Improved selfcon dence and esteem Contact with prosocial peers o The more blended extracurricular with trouble makers and other students tends to help more 0 quotRoutine Activity Theoryquot 0 everyone does better when their time is structured 0 When you structure your time you get it done better and more effectively What39sspecial about sports 0 Physical activity physical health 0 Football does not predict positive outcomes 0 Better academic performance 0 Access to prosocial peer and role models Selfesteem and healthy body image in girls Media Consumption Media Device Ownership among 12 to 17 YearOlds Nearly half 47 of these owners have smartphones If you look only at teens ages 16 to 17 46 own tablets a higher percent than the general adult population 35 m Q 9 D Own or have Own a video Own a celil Own a portable Own a access to a game console phone gaming device ta bliet computer lDoes not include cell phones For example a PlayStation Portable owner would count while a teen who owns only an iPhone with apps would not The Challenge of Studying Media 0 Changes so fast 0 Today they are still studying MySpace even though that is clearly not very used anymore Types of Media Use 14 12 N D S l Dyearetilds r iiiidl ieaivolds al i53 i133 1 iEiEiyearDlldis 39 3 verage niuimlbEir D f hours per day 39 Boa 222 i I I V V Inn y y y y 4 Music ampli ers Video games Totalme ia Epr ure Telaimedia USE Type of media Does Media Matter 0 Average media consumption 0 1114 year olds 60 hours per week 0 1518 year olds 56 hours per week 0 using quotmultiple screensquot is becoming increasingly common Physical Effects 0 Hours of TV watching strongly correlated with obesity 0 Hours of quotscreen timequot internet video games etc correlated with obesity 0 quotTV turn offquot programs decrease obesity in kids and in adolescents Screen time and years of education predict development of myopia near sidedness Media and Academic Achievement In general hours spent watching TV correlates with lower GPA in adolescence But educational TV viewing predicts later achievement How Does Media Effect Us if Reverse Causation Spurious Causation Does Media Effect Aggression Eerne latilen with plafimg violent iride gmee EL metho aiow East quotwith I39d I H i i WI all E quot heelage Eireat size 1 value Baa 1 Mgrresolve Helping F39lwemhglleal behavior cognition afiieot arousal 6C on D Is on C M D Prevalence of subsequent aggressive acts against others 5 43 1 3 Hours oF television viewing per day at mean age 14 Males prior Males no prior aggression aggression Females prior i Females no prior aggression aggression Aggressive Me Aggressive Behavior Does Media Effect Aggression Aggressive Media Aggressive Behavior o personality characteristics 0 less physiological response to violence watching violence on TV wont have same effect if you like watching horror movies you ll have a different response to violence 0 quotCatharsisquot if your naturally aggressive maybe it feels good to watch other people be violence or show violence to others Aggressive Media Aggressive Behavior 0 antisocial models bandura bobo doll o Desensitization o Operant conditioning of violent behavior or vicarious reinforcement o Undemonstrated consequences We rarely see the consequences of someone s violence especially on TV or playing video games Because there is not consequences it desensitized us to violence Sexual Content 0 Media geared towards adolescents contains a good deal of sexual content 0 Teens who saw the most sex of TV were twice as likely to initiate intercourse within the next year as were those who saw the least Sex and the Cell phone 0 Over half of college students report sexting 2014 as minors 28 sent nude photos of themselves as minors Most didn t understand legal consequences of these behaviors Gender Roles and Sexuality The media becomes increasingly stereotyped in targeting adolescents and adolescents seek models of gender Objecti cation SELF 0 Depression eating disorders lower self worth lower life satisfaction lower cognitive functioning lower efficacy in may domains 0 OTHERS 0 Women views as less human less competent less worthy of empathy 0 Individual becomes more tolerant of harassment Body Image 0 Exposure to media effects girls perceptions of themselves 0 American media exposure globally predicts the prevalence of eating and body dysmorphic disorders The rise of Social Media 0 Electronic communication is increasingly done via mobile evice not computer EVERY DAY Text 1il ieit seeiel Sencl er networking sites receive Inagreets 51 11r F us He39vE A A 7 ell US use er teeter PeeFitE em in seeIeL A L quot i J I I 7 We ci IFFE39eEMT NEWDRKINE SlTE I T T39F ES er S CleL eue MNN SITE is release E eee rcner Boys and girls use social media differently o The average adolescent sends more than 100 text messages a day Lenhart 2012 emf TEXT Delbr H 22 EHER TWEE39l39ED age LOVE POSTING PHOTDS J 3W5 TEXT mum in 33 wee TWEETED will fees LOVE POSTING Peefos For girls eepecially putting their pieturee aniline can be stressful 0 I 7 I I 5 girls ve 23 beige eemetimee iceell left eut after seeing phetee ef ethere tegether enlihe 45 gilrrle are 24 buys werry a beiut ether peeple peeting ugly phetes eatquot them enline 23 gizrle we 9 eye lheve edited phetee ef themeelvee leeere peetirngi Adolescents don t perceive social media 5 a contributor to poor mental health 0 Social media use has been correlated with depression among young adu s Some studies don t nd this relationship 0 Measuring social media using traditional meth nods is difficult Media literacy Media literatequot girls who are taught to critically assess media re better about to maintain a positive body image when exposed to media literacy is not just about knowing that Photoshop happens but critically assessing media and considering the way that it has been designed to in uence you Adolescents are at risk for persuasion because they 0 Are less aware of the tools being used to manipulate them 0 Have underdeveloped critical thinking skills 0 Multitask and use multiple forms of media which make it less likely they ll be critical consumers comprehension and counterarguments take a hit
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