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Psychology of Adolescence Week10

by: Katerina Patrinos

Psychology of Adolescence Week10 Psy 332

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Whitewater > Psychlogy > Psy 332 > Psychology of Adolescence Week10
Katerina Patrinos
GPA 3.7

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Psychology of Adolescence
Dr. Fruiht
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Patrinos on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 332 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Dr. Fruiht in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adolescence in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.


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Date Created: 11/12/15
Psychology of Adolescence (Psych 332) 11/10/2015 ▯ Adolescents and their families ▯ ▯ Overview of Family Relationships  Teens individuate form their families, spending more and more time with peers. o More time with peers, at school, work o More autonomous ▯ Overview of Parent Relationships  Very little emotional distance between parents and teens  Most teens feel loved, respected and close to parents  Conflict with parents does increase in adolescence ▯ Conflict in Adolescence  Most conflict revolves around daily tasks or culture (clean your room, don’t wear that top) or violations of expectations not major differences in core values. o “I don’t like the music you’re listening too”  comes from different cultural experiences between parent and child.  Less conflict over rules with moral rationale (cheating, stealing, etc. ) o Were taught for years growing up  More conflict over parents arbitrary or personal opinions (curfew). o “Because I said so” ▯ Conflict with Parents  Teens experience more conflict with mothers than fathers o But also are more likely to turn to mothers for advice and emotional support  Probably fight with mom more because dad doesn’t really know what’s going on because you talk to mom more.  Adolescent disclosure is linked with better adjustment and less conflict o More likely to sit down with parents and talk will result in less conflict. o Keeping secrets from parents create conflict ▯ Why? Adolescent changes  Conflict is highest during time of greatest physical change (biological)  Cognitive development and logical thinking means “because I said so” parenting is increasingly problematic o I can understand rational better and think different about reasons. ▯ Why? Parent Changes Parents lose self-esteem o Occupational plateau  You aren’t really moving upward in your job o Physical changes  Bodies start to age Values realignment/midlife crisis o Regret things never did- buy fancy car, vacation, divorce, etc. Sandwich generation o Parents dealing with kids/adolescents at home and still dealing with ageing parents. ▯ Why? Parenting Teens ▯ ▯ ▯ Why? Skilled Parenting  Most advice for parents focused on non-normative conflict  Parents expect conflict with their teen (so they get it) self-fulfilling prophesy o If they go in expecting kids to do there homework and be respectful they are more likely to get it but if they expect their kid to get in trouble they most likely will. ▯ Parenting Style  Parental Responsiveness: respond to child’s need in a warm, accepting, supportive manner  Parental Demandingness: high expectations of responsible and mature behavior from children ▯ Parenting Style and Culture  Authoritative parents raise more emotionally and behaviorally autonomous children o Can deal with emotions on their own and can make own choices  Generally less conflict and problem behavior in adolescence  Balance of both demand and responsiveness ▯  Authoritarian parents are more common among minority families  Authoritarian parenting is worse for white adolescents  Can be a protective factor for Asian adolescents and minority families in dangerous areas. o Asian families- often see boundaries and expectations as caring. o If you live in a bad neighborhood authoritarian could be good. ▯ ▯ Emerging Adulthood  Relationship generally improves when adolescent leaves home o More positive as get older  Increased psychological closeness o Even though they aren’t living with their parents they feel closer  Adjustment of expectations form parents and adolescents. ▯ ▯ Family System Changes  Parents respond to changes in family systems and adolescents respond to parents behavior.  “spillover hypothesis” suggests that when the oldest child reaches adolescence conflict increases with younger siblings. ▯ ▯ Sibling Relationships  Parent-child relationships impact sibling relationships o The way that our parents treat us can effect the way we interact with our siblings  Siblings try to differentiate themselves form one another.  Siblings get along better when parents treat them differently.  Adolescents experience more conflict with siblings than children  Through adolescents siblings become: o More equal o More distant o Less intense  Sibling relationships impact self-regulation (in charge ) and peer relationships o Self-regulation is a mediator between relationships o Positive sibling relationships model positive peer relationships  Siblings play a role similar to peers in socializing around “taboo” topics (like sexuality). ▯ ▯ Birth Order  Birth order has been historically overemphasized o Oldest children are more conventional and higher achievers o Youngest children are more rebellious and agreeable o Only children are more precocious and organized o “Middle” children are hard to study because they occupy many different roles  middle children are more likely to go outside home and get attention from other people ▯ ▯ Modern Families  Adolescents are increasingly parented in non-traditional family structures as a result of foster care, adoption, divorce, and unmarried parents  Parenting quality is still the best predictor of adjustment. o Authoritative parenting style ▯ ▯ Effects of Divorce  About 40% of children will experience their parents’ divorce  Effect of divorce is small  Number of parents isn’t as important as quality of parents. ▯ ▯ Parenting Adolescents ▯ ▯ ▯ Effects of Divorce  Effect of the process of divorce is large  Conflict between parents impacts parenting effectiveness  Generally happily divorced parents are more effective than unhappily married parents ▯ ▯ Step Families  Adolescent behavioral problems increase with the addition of a step- parent  Boundary ambiguity crease additional conflict. o Boundary ambiguity- what are you allowed to do- ▯ ▯ Adopted Adolescents  Adopted adolescent are slightly more likely to have psychosocial and behavioral problems. o Some comes down to attachment  Most adopted adolescents adjust effectively  Parents of adopted children should follow the same “rules” as those of non-adopted children o Communicate, Care, Monitor (authoritative)  Timing of adoption matters. Earlier adoption predicts better outcomes  Adolescent who spent time in the foster care system are more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems o There is not structure or stability moving around from house to house.  Probably because of unstable and/or unskilled parenting. ▯ ▯ Homosexual Parents ▯ ▯ ▯ Same-Sex Parents  No evidence suggest any difference in adjustment between adolescent parented by same-sex vs. heterosexual parents.  More likely to be bullied more if you have same-sex parents. ▯ ▯ Overview  Adolescence is a time of change and relationships with parents and sibling change  Some conflict is typical as adolescent negotiate boundaries; major conflict is not.  Parenting quality is the best predictor of adjustment  Instability and familial conflict predict negative outcomes. ▯ ▯ ▯


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