History 3211 week 11 notes
History 3211 week 11 notes 3211
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Casey Eschenbach on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 3211 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Greg Anderson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Classical Greece in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
3-22-16 Phase 1: 431-421: Archidamian o Annual Spartan invasions of Attica—Athenians evacuate the entire region of Attica within the walls of Athens o 427—major incident Athenians had to deal with—revolt of Mytilene biggest city on the island of Lesbos—they were one of the 3 major islands considered actual partners rather than subjects— revolt was defeated Athenians initial plan as punishment was to kill all the males and enslave the women and children—ship set off with these instructions nd st This decision was reconsidered—2 ship was sent to stop the 1 —ends with a more moderate response—Mytilene people became subjects rather than allies Changed decision because anyone who revolted would know they were to be killed if they lost—would cause them to fight much harder—if they lost anyway, Athenians would lose a lot of subjects o 425—Pylos—area controlled by the Spartans—squadron of Athenian ships were driven ashore by a storm—accidental—Spartans unhappy with this and push back—battle ends up being a stalemate Cleon was Athenian leader with no military background— boasting he could take men, go to Pylos, and defeat them within 20 days—he actually succeeds Results in 292 Spartan hostages o 424-422—Amphipolis—Cleon says he can win here too but he doesn’t o Athens and Sparta agree to a peace for 50 years and agree to return the possessions, land, each had taken Peace does not last for very long at all Phase 2: 420-413: disaster for Athens o Major allies of Spartans did not agree with peace agreement—angry Spartans made this decision without them at all—not even telling them about it o Argos—very large city in Peloponnesia—bitter rival of Sparta Neutral during the Persian Wars and out of the Peloponnesian league Try to remain neutral o Major reason peace doesn’t last: Spartans basically alienated some of their allies by signing it themselves o No one really believes this peace is true o 418—Alcibiades—new Athenian leader—most significant figure of the war alongside Pericles Father died when he was young, adopted by Pericles—part of traditional Greek aristocracy Pericles didn’t want to go on with recklessness—don’t be trying to get more land Alcibiades—very much so a fan of recklessness—huge advocate of chariot racing 1 3-22-16 Part of the fast-living, chariot racing world Decides what if Athens allied with Argos—sends an ambassador there and manages to engineer a situation where an alliance is created and created a group maybe large enough to defeat Sparta Battle of Mantinea—alliance of Argos and Athens challenging Sparta—very close fight—ends up being indecisive At this point the peace is effectively over o 416—destruction of the island of Melos Originally a Spartan colony but has hitherto remained neutral in the war thus far—Athenians decide that bringing Melos into their alliance would be very helpful—location would be helpful as a kind of springboard between themselves and Sparta Excellent kind of launching pad for naval operations against Sparta People of Melos don’t want to be subjects of Athens Thucydides is picking out certain events to be major interpreters to really explain the war o 415-413: Sicilian expedition Very bad for Athens—disaster getting involved in Sicily—had no idea how big it was—trying to provide help to their kinsmen (Ionians) and their new allies (sicels) Sicily is very demographically complex place 3 populations of people Sicels—native Sicilians—stay more inland Greeks—colonists—largest group—live on the boarders— two different groups within—speak different dialects, have different rituals—cultural differences between the two— usually on opposing sides o Ionians North/northeast coast Very common rituals Ally with Athens (Athenians consider themselves to be the original Ionians) o Dorians Southern states—Syracuse by far the biggest one founded originally by Corinth Have their own rituals Ally with Sparta (Spartans are Dorians themselves) Carthaginians—also colonists originally from Phoenicia— Carthage is their most famous settlement Athens becomes involved in Sicily—trying to win over allies but Syracuse is Dorian and tries to stop this—don’t want Athenians to come in and replace them as the dominant figure here—want to help out their new-found allies, sicels-save them from selinus (S)egesta—town whose native inhabitants are native Sicilians 2 3-22-16 Selinus—allied with Syracuse, therefore with Sparta Hubris—major reason the gods become angry at humanity—overstepping the right of humans—very defined boundaries separating gods from humans o Any human attempting to overstep these boundaries suffers divine retribution/nemesis Herms—statues of Hermes put in doorways to scare people off—100s if not 1000s of these were defaced—very bad omen, terrible—encoring divine wrath before they go on voyage to Sicily Profanation of mysteries 3
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