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Reasoning Part 2

by: Morgan Hawes

Reasoning Part 2 PSYCH 85

Morgan Hawes
GPA 3.93
Introduction to Cognitive Science

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Hi Guys, This is the second half of the reasoning notes! Please check this out to get the complete notes of the reasoning section of this class! Good Luck!
Introduction to Cognitive Science
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Hawes on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 85 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Kellman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cognitive Science in Psychlogy at University of California - Los Angeles.

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Date Created: 11/12/15
Reasoning Part 2 Wertheimer 1 Abduction invent things to explain data a Your construct of you as a person You fell asleep last night and when you woke up you assume that you are the same person 2 Max Wertheimer a Gestalt psychologists viewing things as wholes i Gestalt means con guration or whole The whole is different than the sum of its parts ii The world is coming in to minds as individual sensations but there have to be processes 1 Square example the same shape can be gotton from many different local elements Green dot square vs white line square The message is not the sensory elements but the elements carry the information It is about the relation of the parts 2 Two enduring passions a Perceptual organization b Problems of thinking i Especially seeing and thinking b Parallelogram problem i Just rotated the parallelogram 90 degrees the students could not solve the problem ii All use of factual knowledge presupposes pattern recognition c There are two ways that people go about thinking i Traditional logic deductive ii Associationism inductive reasoning 1 Limitations of deduction 2 Deduction can tell us stuff we have not realized Syllagisms are rigid 3 Probability theory a When you have an inductive inference you can say the conclusion is probable b But theory is part of math and is deductive i Cannot tell you the future but can keep you from contradicting yourself 1 Arbitrash currency 4 Associationaism things get associated by space and time and similarity a The people who started to talk about assocaitionism i Gestalt response to assocaitiationism 1 Sensetences like john is a teacher bill is a carperter Bill and teacher are close in time and space but people associate john as a teacher and billetc association has no effect d Most learning that you have is arti cial learning banking system of education We hope that you can apply this info We are reading this because he identi es a classic problem but does not tell us how to do it better A is generalizable B is not generalizable What is the real issue There are gures that allow you to make a rectaingle a cases and those that cant b cases 1 2 P1P In a problem like nding area there is a meaning to what area is Seeing what the structures are min 51 We don39t really understand area We don39t get area by multiplying length by width The two terms we are multiplying have different structure and different function 3X4 12 square inches why do we change units Problem in the appendix Fymain try to listen to what the problem is telling you before you start telling it all the math you know


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