this weeks notes
this weeks notes GEOG 103 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eliza Lynch on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 103 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Larianne Collins (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Geography in Geography at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
111215 GEOG103 Development LDCS vs MDCs review 0 LDC less developed developing challenge to improve the level of development c MDC more developed developed challenge maintain high level of development Development the process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge amp technology A continuous process to constantly improve the health amp prosperity of the people Loca on North America Latin America Europe East Asia Central Asia South Asia SE Asia Middle East Sub Saharan Africa Then Japan Oceania amp Russia MDCLDC is divided by region as well as individual country HDI Human Development Index perfect score 10 100 differs in every country Uneven development How is HDI measured Economic GDP per capita M literacy rate amp years of education Demographi life expectancy United Nations came up w this quot Economic Indicator they could use many other stats but they chose this one Gross Domestic Product per capita GDP total value of goods amp services sold within a country in 1 year MDCS are typically going to be 20000 or above on GDP per capita LDCS are typically going to be about 5000 or less on GDP per capita Social Indicators Literacy rate quality of education exceeds 98 in MDCs amp below 60 in LDCs Based on age 15 generally Years of Education quantity MDCs 10 year average LDCS2 year average Demographic Indicator life expectancy average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live MDCs North America Europe Japan highest 96 Oceania Russia lowest 73 LDCs Latin America highest 82 more urbanized East Asia Middle East SE Asia Central Asia South Asia Sub Saharan Africa lowest 51 Asian Tigers Singapore Taiwan S Korea amp Hong Kong Other Social Indicators Health amp welfare daily caloric intake of physicians Gender inequality Gross national happiness Other Demographic Indicators Infant mortality rate Natural increase rate Crude birth rate Other Economic Indicators Consumer goods Economic structure of a country Primarv Sector jobs that directly extract materials from the earth through ag mining fishing amp forestry Secondary Sector jobs that process transform amp assemble raw materials into useful products Tertiarv Sector jobs that provide goods amp services to people in exchange in payment Stages of Development Preindustrial Societies primary sector Industrial Societies secondary sector Postindustrial Societies tertiary sector Regional Variations within Countries Brazil Mexico amp China aren t classified as an MDC or LDC because there is extreme variation in different parts of the country Some very developed parts and other very undeveloped parts Obstacles to Development To reduce the gap between MDCs and LDCs LDCs must develop more rapidly LDCs choose 1 of 2 ways to promote development 0 self sufficiency 0 international trade
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