The Protestant Reformation in England
The Protestant Reformation in England 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
The Protestant Reformation in England Henry VIII 15091547 and The Break with Rome a Why When How On October 17 1521 Pope Leo X bestowed upon King Henry VIII the i ii title Defender of the Faith to honor the English king for writing and publishing the book The Defense of the Seven Sacraments In this book Henry defended papal authority and rather viciously attacked Martin Luther and his theology 1 When 1 He was in need of a divorce and an annulment from his wife Catherine of Aragon After 20 years of marriage the union had not produced a son and Henry was in desperate need of a male heir By this point he was also in love with another one Anne Boleyn Starting around 1529 he began petitioning Rome seeking the divorce and annulment After several years his petitions were repeatedly denied a The Pope denied Luther because of it being incest and mainly because he was under HRE Charles IV who was Anne s nephew The Act of Supremacy 1534 confirmed England s separation from the Catholic Church and established the monarch as the Supreme Head of the Church of England All subjects of the crown had to swear an oath to the Act of Supremacy accepting this If they did not they faced execution for treason b Henry s Church of England Elements of Catholicism kept i II III IV 1 The mass with transubstantiation 2 Clerical celibacy 3 Ceremony music art and imagery ii What was different 1 Mass said in English 2 Abolished monasticism 3 Abolished pilgrimages to sacred sites 4 Complete denial of papal authority The Church of England under Edward VI 15471553 a New service book issued The Book of Common Prayer which denied transubstantiation b Priests became ministers and could marry c Iconoclasm i All ornamentation removed from churches d Altar tables replaced with communion tables e Used acts of Parliament to make these changes legal The Reign of Bloody Mary 115531558 a What happened to the church i It was overturned and all of England returned to the Catholic Church ii You faced death for heresy being burned at the stake if you did not return to the church b Why did she restore Catholicism i She had been raised Catholic having been the daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon and secretly remained loyal to the old faith during the latter part of her father s reign and for the duration of her brother s reign Protestantism Established in England during the long reign of Elizabeth I 155 8 1603 a Why i She adopted a policy of outward conformity ie she tolerated secret Catholics and wanted all her subjects to behave as if they were good Protestants They had to attend C of E services on Sunday and worship according to her newly issued Book of Common Prayer It was not her policy to make widows into men s souls ii Her Book of Common Prayer left the issue of Transubstantiation open to interpretation Many historians argue that during her long reign Catholicism eventually died out