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The Catholic/Counter Reformation

by: Kiana Thompson

The Catholic/Counter Reformation 1020-01

Marketplace > University of Tennessee - Chattanooga > History > 1020-01 > The Catholic Counter Reformation
Kiana Thompson

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The Catholic/Counter Reformation
World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
Michele White
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.

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Date Created: 11/12/15
1 The Catholic/ Counter Reformation:  The Catholic Church’s Response to the Protestant Reformation I. The Jesuits a. The Society of Jesus: The Jesuits i. Founded by the Spanish nobleman, Ignatius Loyola (1491­1556) ii. Officially recognized as a religious order in 1540 iii. The Society of Jesus was a monastic order devoted to preaching and  teaching.  Seeing themselves as soldiers of Christ, the Jesuits were  resolutely loyal to the pope and saw it as their divine mission to root out  heresy and restore the unity of Christendom.  To do this they founded  missions and schools across the world in an attempt to educate and convert people, especially rulers, back to the Catholic Church II. Dedication to a Reformed Papacy beginning with Pope Paul III (1534­1549) a. A Reformed Papacy (Papal Office) i. Pope Paul III (1534­1549), perceived the need for change in the Catholic  Church and appointed a Reform Commission to ascertain the church’s ills ii. Reform Commission Report, completed in 1537, concluded that the source of all of the church’s problems lay with corrupt popes and cardinals 1. They had been too worldly. 2. They had been too concerned with accumulation of wealth and  power.  3. They had been too involved in the secular world. III. The Council of Trent, 1545­1563 a. First convened by Pope Paul III in March 1545 i. Council of high ranking officials that met in the city of Trent (Trento,  Northern Italy). Met intermittently from 1545­1563 (in three major  sessions) ii. Final decrees of the Council of Trent: 1. Scripture and tradition upheld as equal authorities in religious  matters  2. Both faith and good works were declared necessary for salvation  2 3. The seven sacraments, transubstantiation, clerical celibacy, and the belief in purgatory upheld  4. Use of indulgences was strengthened, but the selling of them  prohibited.  Thus:  The Council of Trent did not make any radical changes to the Roman Catholic Church  and actually reaffirmed most of the Catholic Church’s traditional teachings. The Catholic  Church, it concluded, was not a corrupt religion or corrupt institution; the problems lay with  corrupt individuals in the church.


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