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POLS week 3 notes

by: Kristin O'Flaherty

POLS week 3 notes POLS 2311

Kristin O'Flaherty
GPA 3.0

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US Government
Dr. Boyea
Class Notes
political science; pols 2311; Boyea; UTA; university of texas at arlington
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristin O'Flaherty on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Boyea in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see US Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.

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Date Created: 03/30/16
Week 3 POLS notes 3/4  Civil rights wrap­up o Political responses o Loss of momentum o The role of public opinion/congress o The structure of Congress o Leadership  Political Responses of 1950’s and 1960’s  Civil rights act of 1957 o A newly sympathetic Congress  Bipartisan reaction o Symbolic anti­segregation bills o Right to vote ­ Blacks  Civil Rights Act of 1964 o First substantial legislation → bipartisan o Segregation in public accommodations o Employment o Commerce Clause o 1964 Presidential election  Democrats win  Voting Rights act of 1965 o Pres. Johnson  Remove all voting restrictions o Authorize the DoJ  Restrictive tests removed o Registration  1964→ 36% of blacks were registered  1969→ 65%  24th Amendment o Poll taxes outlawed  House of Reps o Speaker of the House → Paul Ryan ( R ) o Wisconsin’s 1st District o First elected in 1998 o Speaker since last fall o Prior, Chair of Ways and Means Committee o Very Conservative  Representative Kevin McCarthy o California’s 23rd District  Representative Steve Scalise ( R ) o Louisiana’s 1st District o First elected in 2008 o Whip since 2014  Nancy Pelosi ( D ) o Cali’s 12th District o First elected in 1987 o Minority leader since 2011 o First Female speaker of the house (2007)  Steny Hoyer ( D )  o Maryland’s 5th District o First elected in 1980 o Whip since 2011 o Mainstream liberal 3/7  Senate  VP Joe Biden (D) o Role since 2009 o Formerly US Senator from Delaware (1973­2009) o Constitutional position o Liberal  President Pro Tempore o Orrin Hatch ( R) o State of Utah o Longest serving R senator o Constitutional position o 3rd in line of presidential succession o Conservative  Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell ( R) o State of Kentucky o First elected in 1984 o Leader since 2015 (Minority leader 2007­2015) o Conservative  John Cornyn ( R) Senate Majority Whip o State of texas o First elected in 2002 o Whip since 2015 (minority whip 2013­2015) o Prior TX supreme court justice and TX attorney general o Conservative  Whips petition and inform for votes  Harry Reid ( D) Senate Minority leader o State of nevada o First elected in 1986 o Minority leader since 2015 (majority leader 2007­2015) o Liberal o Announced retirement  Richard Durbin ( D) Senate Minority whip o State of illinois o First elected in 1996 o Minority whip since 2015 (majority whip 2007­2015) o Liberal o Will retain position  US congress  Leadership in the senate  Healthcare reform o Example of lawmaking  The role of the electoral politics  Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 o January 2010 → Landmark legislation  Culmination of year long process o “Obamacare”  Two routes o Single payer option o Expanded insurance  Mandate  Congress o Oct. 29 2009 Rep. John Dingell, MI  Introduce legislation  o Nancy Pelosi → Speaker at the time  Has a choice on which committee to send the legislation to  Small number  Substance  Energy and Commerce Committee  Subcommittee o November 6th → report the bill  Information o House Chamber  Nov. 7th 220­215  Causing overall problems between the two houses o Abortion o Spending  Stupak ( D) o Vote against the bill with 20 other pro­life democrats so long as the bill states that abortion will be funded by the government  Senate o Bill → expanded coverage (mandate) o More moderate  o Abortion funding  House o Single payer option o Increase the size of government  Sent to President Obama → signed into law   Representation 3/9  US congress  Role of Electoral Politics  The Job of Legislators  Assisting the Needs of legislators  Congress is organized to serve the goals of members o Primary goal: Reelection  Incumbency Advantage o US House → 95% success rate  Three Major responsibilities o Lawmaking o Representation o Oversight of Executive Branch  Benghazi; Libya  Sec. of State Clinton  Clinton’s emails  Representation: 4 forms o Policy representation  Health care  Oil and gas→ TX  Joe Barton­ long time serving member of TX delegation o Allocative Representation  Pork Barrel ­ congress sending money to their districts  Necessary   JOBS o Casework  Individual problems  Federal bureaucracy  Trying to help o Symbolic Representation  Making yourself be seen  4 problems o How to acquire information  Uncertainty  Committees  Division of labor  Specialization o How to coordinate action  Party leaders  Coordinating action→ agenda


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