POLS week 4
POLS week 4 POLS 2311
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristin O'Flaherty on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Boyea in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see US Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Week 4 POLS notes 3/23read ch 10 US presidency Perception of power Gap between reality and perception Constitution responsibilities Perception The most powerful person (president of US) o Why? Largest economy in the world Greatest military force in the world Longest running democracy History→ performance Strong → Ronald Reagan 1980s; Bill Clinton 1990s o Role of state and govt o state→ symbol Weak→ George H.W. Bush 19891993; George W. Bush 20012009 (both had flaws in state/govt roles Head of state means the president is the symbol for the United States Elsewhere→ separation (GB)Queen vs. Prime Minister Constitutional Powervagueness o Executive Authority Power to execute/enforce the laws o Legislative Authority Final say with most forms of legislation o Judicial Authority checks/balances Executive Authority o Take Care Clause “Laws will be faithfully executed” Article II Really vague; source of authority o Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Military leader Check→ Congress’s power to declare war Only 5 times has the US declared war Last time was 1941 Pearl Harbor War Powers Act of 1973 President must inform 48 hours prior Military action must end within 60 days or have an extension o Head Diplomat Symbol of the country Negotiate treaties check→ senate ⅔ majority approval Executive agreements Lasts for the life (phase of the presidency) of the president or until another president gets rid of it Veto o Pocket veto (congress goes out of session and after 10 days, the bill is vetoed) o Congress can override a Veto with a ⅔ majority vote in the House and the Senate 3/30 Midterm exam 2 o structure/format o Substantive review Structure/format o 10 am o 50 questions mc o federalism/civil rights & liberties/presidency o 882E Green Federalism o “The Storm”Hurricane Katrina, FEMA(Michael Brown), who’s responsible for disasters o interoperability o Unitary system Great Britain o Confederal system Articles of Confederation o Qualifications Citizen of 2 governments (TX and US) Limits on encroachments Leverage 10th Amendment, spending clause o Dual federalism distinct separations between national and state govts (layer cake) o Shared federalism 1933, New Deal (marble cake) o New federalism 1980, a step back to give more power to the states Civil rights/civil liberties o cr=positive, right to vote, African Americans o cl=negative, Bill of Rights, Anti Federalists strive to keep the national gov small, o ⅗ compromise, 1808 provision(no issue of slavery goes to Congress) o Missouri compromise 1820entering states as a slave state, Mason Dixon line, California destroys the balance as a free state o 3 amendments13th (abolishes slavery; 1865), 14th (1868; full rights of citizenship to all races), 15th (Right to vote) o Dred Scott o Reconstruction Era immediately after Civil War; ends 1877 o Jim Crow era 1890 o 1957 Civil Rights Act o 1964 Civil Rights Act o Voting Rights Act of 1965 o Plessy v. Ferguson Congress o Write laws o Oversight o Representation policy, allocative, case work, symbolic o Committees 435 representatives, specialized, subcommittees, o Leadership is in charge of the parties o Majority rule o House of Reps is more partisan; power is given to the leadership o Bicameralism o Can declare war o Senate checks the president Presidency o veto/veto override
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