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POLS week 4

by: Kristin O'Flaherty

POLS week 4 POLS 2311

Kristin O'Flaherty
GPA 3.0

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US Government
Dr. Boyea
Class Notes
political science; pols 2311; Boyea; UTA; university of texas at arlington
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristin O'Flaherty on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Boyea in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see US Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.

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Date Created: 03/30/16
Week 4 POLS notes 3/23­­­read ch 10  US presidency  Perception of power  Gap between reality and perception  Constitution responsibilities  Perception ­ The most powerful person (president of US) o Why?  Largest economy in the world  Greatest military force in the world  Longest running democracy  History→ performance  Strong → Ronald Reagan ­1980s; Bill Clinton ­ 1990s o Role of state and govt o state→ symbol  Weak→ George H.W. Bush ­ 1989­1993; George W. Bush 2001­2009 (both had flaws in  state/govt roles  Head of state means the president is the symbol for the United States  Elsewhere→ separation­ (GB)Queen vs. Prime Minister  Constitutional Power­vagueness o Executive Authority  Power to execute/enforce the laws o Legislative Authority  Final say with most forms of legislation o Judicial Authority  checks/balances  Executive Authority o Take Care Clause  “Laws will be faithfully executed”­ Article II  Really vague; source of authority o Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces  Military leader  Check→ Congress’s power to declare war  Only 5 times has the US declared war  Last time was 1941 Pearl Harbor  War Powers Act of 1973  President must inform 48 hours prior  Military action must end within 60 days or have an extension o Head Diplomat  Symbol of the country  Negotiate treaties  check→ senate ⅔ majority approval  Executive agreements  Lasts for the life (phase of the presidency) of the president or until  another president gets rid of it  Veto o Pocket veto (congress goes out of session and after 10 days, the bill is vetoed) o Congress can override a Veto with a ⅔ majority vote in the House and the Senate 3/30  Midterm exam 2 o structure/format o Substantive review  Structure/format o 10 am o 50 questions mc o federalism/civil rights & liberties/presidency o 882E Green  Federalism o “The Storm”­Hurricane Katrina, FEMA(Michael Brown), who’s responsible for  disasters o interoperability o Unitary system­ Great Britain o Confederal system­ Articles of Confederation o Qualifications  Citizen of 2 governments (TX and US)  Limits on encroachments  Leverage­ 10th Amendment, spending clause o Dual federalism­ distinct separations between national and state govts (layer cake) o Shared federalism ­1933, New Deal (marble cake) o New federalism ­1980, a step back to give more power to the states  Civil rights/civil liberties o cr=positive, right to vote, African Americans o cl=negative, Bill of Rights, Anti Federalists strive to keep the national gov small, o ⅗ compromise, 1808 provision(no issue of slavery goes to Congress) o Missouri compromise 1820­entering states as a slave state, Mason Dixon line,  California destroys the balance as a free state o 3 amendments­13th (abolishes slavery; 1865), 14th (1868; full rights of  citizenship to all races), 15th (Right to vote) o Dred Scott o Reconstruction Era immediately after Civil War; ends 1877 o Jim Crow era 1890 o 1957 Civil Rights Act o 1964 Civil Rights Act o Voting Rights Act of 1965 o Plessy v. Ferguson  Congress o Write laws o Oversight o Representation ­ policy, allocative, case work, symbolic o Committees­ 435 representatives, specialized, subcommittees, o Leadership is in charge of the parties o Majority rule o House of Reps is more partisan; power is given to the leadership o Bicameralism o Can declare war o Senate checks the president  Presidency o veto/veto override


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