New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

farmers and foragers

by: Xiong Notetaker

farmers and foragers anthropology 103

Xiong Notetaker
GPA 3.2
Introduction to archeology
Laura Villamil

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

How humanity went from foragers to farmers.
Introduction to archeology
Laura Villamil
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to archeology

Popular in Department

This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Xiong Notetaker on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to anthropology 103 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Laura Villamil in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.

Similar to anthropology 103 at UWM

Popular in Subject


Reviews for farmers and foragers


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 11/12/15
11915 Cultural changes through time There are two goals on how culture changes through time 1 Components of culture 0 Substance and economic system 0 Social structure and organization or how people relate to each other 0 Political organization and forces of authority and leaders Ideology 2 Evolution of cultures 0 Understanding how societies change and how some societies were not affected by the change Components of cultures economics The interrelated systems of extraction production distribution and consumption of resources There are three broad categories of economic systems in a society 1 Foraging pastoralism and cultivation 2 Subsistence or adaptive economy 3 Craft specialization production distribution and consumption of resources Subsistence There are two broad subjects under subsistence economies 1 Food procures hunters and gathers 2 Food producers farmers and ranchers that need land to mover around Food procures 97 of modern human history was foraging and hunting for the next meal Now days they are practically gone and archeologist that want to study past foraging and hunting societies will either go to existing foraging and hunting societies or study the past seasonality of migration and mating patterns of past species to get a better understanding how the past hunters and gathers lived and settled Evidence that archeologist look for in hunter and gathers o By looking at regional levels they look for sites that indicate what they would be used for This can be like areas that male hunters butchered animals Artifacts like spearheads and arrowheads The taphonomy of ecofacts Food producers Domestication the intervention of human activity in animal and plant reproductive cycles This results in the evoulutnary distancing of the current species of plants and animals to the point in which the plant or animal is dependent on humans for most of their needs This in essence creates a symbiotic relationship between the human and the domesticated plants and animals How agriculture came to be Modern humans appeared at the end of the Pleistocene around 200 or 150 thousand years ago In this time most hunter and gather groups were egalitarian individuals This all changed around 10 thousand years ago with the mistake of having a seed being tossed into a garbage heap The evidence By looking at the stone tools that are present If the stone tool is large and hefty then it would indicate that the group associated with these tools was hunting and butchering large terrestrial animals If any nding of small tools and specialized tool like a burrir tool which made smaller tools then the group associated these types were hunting smaller game and maybe some cultivation Neolithic The Neolithic began 12 to 10 KYA This is the rst sign of domestication and agriculture Domestication origins varied around the world SW Asia 12KYA Americas 5KYA Everywhere else 7 8KYA How domestication and agriculture happened 1 Unintentional management of resources like the trapping animals and bringing back wild grasses back to camps 2 Intentional management of resources like trapping pups and taming them or the intentional burning of grass elds to enrich the ground for next season od harvesting Evidence for domestication in animals 0 High mortality rate of pups The ndings of skeleton changes Evidence for domestication in plants Morphological changes Genetics 0 Timing of seeding 0 Features for farming like silos One last thing to note is to look at the map where animals was domesticated


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.