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Political Science 103 Notes

by: Tara Heuple

Political Science 103 Notes Pol_S 102

Marketplace > Political Science > Pol_S 102 > Political Science 103 Notes
Tara Heuple
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Comparative Politics
Season Hoard
Class Notes




Popular in Comparative Politics

Popular in Political Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tara Heuple on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pol_S 102 at a university taught by Season Hoard in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.


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Date Created: 03/30/16
Thursday, April 7, 2016 Political Science 103 Chapter 5 Notes - States are a geographic region that have a territorial home and borders, have a stable population, a government tow which the population has allegiance to, and is recognized diplomatically by other states. - Territory is not always well defined, population changes, people are not always obedient to the government, and it can be unclear how many other states need to grant diplomatic recognition for a state to be considered legitimate. - Relationships between states and nations: it is a group of people who share a group of characteristics that share a common language, history, ethnicity, and customs. A nation state is Denmark or Italy. Nations spread in several states and states with several nations within borders are places like India and Russia. - Ethnonationalism is federal arrangements. - Irredentism is when you join fellow ethnonationalists in other states to create new states. - Realists say the state is an autonomous, unitary actor, it is constrained only by the anarchy of the international system, is sovereign, and is guided by a national interest that is defined in terms of power. - Liberals say that the state is a process that involves many contending interests, a reflection of both governmental and societal interests, the repository of multiple and changing national interests, the possessor of interchangeable sources of power, and no single explicit or consistent national interest. - Radicals will say that the state is the executing agent of the bourgeoisie, that the wealthy will run the state, influences by pressure from the capitalist case, and constrained by the structure of the international capitalist system. - Constructivists will say that a socially constructed entity, the repository of changing the national interests, shaped by the international norms that an change preferences, influenced by changing national interests that reshape identities, and socialized by intergovernmental organizations and nongovernmental organizations. 1 Thursday, April 7, 2016 - What is power? It is the ability to not only influence others but also to control outcomes, producing results that would not have occurred naturally and it is multidimensional, dynamic, and situational. - The natural sources of power are the natural resources which are oil and mineral deposits, geographical size and position which are proximity to sea and temperate zone, and population which are size, level of skills, and age. - Tangible sources of power are industrial development, levels of infrastructure, economic diversification, and characteristics of military. - Intangible sources of power are the national image which are views of self as exceptional or weak, public support and cohesion which are strong or weak, public morale which are strong or disaffected, leadership which are visionaries, pragmatic, poor, or corrupt, and the quality of government which are not the type but the effectiveness. - Power not only to be possessed but also to be utilized through diplomacy, economic statecraft, and force. All of the sources of power that we have discussed can be classified as either hard or soft power. - Diplomacy is the most common way that states interact. The influence of their behavior is with others negotiating, taking a specific action or refraining from action, conducting public diplomacy using positive images, requires parties with believable statements that are likely positions and able to back up their positions with action, and it is complicated by Putnam’s two level games and as a culture bound activity. - The use of economic statecrafts have positive and negative sanctions. The positive sanctions include that there is a reward for moving in a desired direction, there are grant trading privileges, and there is a permit in trading sensitive products. The negative sanctions are threatened to take actions that punish states for undesirable moves. They include freezing target state assets, boycotting goods and services, and impose trade limits. - The use or threat of force is compellence, which is the threat or use of force to get a target state to do something or undo an act that is already undertaken. You can use deterrence, which is threatening or actually punishing a target state if it takes an undesired action. In both of these cases, intentions must be communicated and credibility is essential. - Challenges to the state include globalization, transnational crime, transnational movements, and ethnonational movements. 2


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