Lecture notes 1/13/15
Lecture notes 1/13/15 PSC 2220
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Date Created: 01/28/15
Tuesday January 27 2015 Class 122 Judicial Politics I How do we gain knowledge A Hearsay a statement other than one made by the declarant while testifying at the trial or hearing offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted B Experience generate principles from the experiences in our lives C Observations social scientific theory aims to look for persistent patterns of regularity in social life ll Problems with Observations A Inaccurate observations 1 Quality assurance of validity and reliability B Overgeneralizations from observations C Selective observations D Mystification Ill Political Observation A Which issues have come to your forefront over your lifetime 1 Women39s rights Gun rights 2 Look at issues that define you during the nomination 3 Define your ideology based on your ratio Must start with the word WHY not HOW 0 Why do justices make the decisions they do 0 Why do presidents appoint the judges they do 0 Why does the Court take the cases it does 0 EMAIL Wahlbeck first to make sure you have the right research question on track Develop a research question first Then in concrete terms how do you expect to see that Hypothesis 0 What do you expect to observe o If that is true what do you expect to see EVIDENCE 50 0 Make observations from Sotomayor book to find out if hypothesis is right o Is there evidence that goes the other way 0 Be self critical Tuesday January 27 2015 Conclusion 10 Tuesday January 27 2015 Class 127 Selection of Federal Judges I The Selection of a Justice Replacing Justice David Souter A Who was considered 1 Sonia Sotomayor Appellate court judge 2 Elena Kagan Solicitor general former Harvard law school dean 3 Seth Waxman Former solicitor general 4 Diana Wood Appellate court judge 5 Harold Koh Yale Law School Dean B Why Sotomayor 1 Obama she is an inspiring woman who I believe will make a great justice ll Nominations to the Supreme Court A Considerations 1 Qualifications and Ethics eg Benjamin Cardozo dem appointed by Herbert Hoover who had insights into how the court works people agreed that he was the best person for the job Clement Haynsworth and G Harold Carswell 2 Reward personal or political loyalty eg Byron White Earl Warren a Byron White 1 Highest played player in the NFL prior to serving on the supreme coun 2 Goes to WWII returns and goes to law school 3 Robert Kennedy said of Byron White Some of the other people we didn t know and we did know that Byron White had ability and that Arthur Goldberg had ability We d worked with them they d worked with us so why not appoint them rather than somebody that someone else said was good but that neither my brother nor I knew That was the basis of it Tuesday January 27 2015 b Earl Warren 1 Former Republican VP nominee 2 If Warren released his delegates to vote for Taft and there s a vacancy for Chief Justice Warren would get it 3 Pursuit of Political Support eg Sandra Day O Connor a O Connor 1980 Reagan appointed O Connor as promised to bridge the gendergap 4 Policy Views Ill Information and Strategy A Uncertainty about Future Performance on Bench 1 The president does not know whether the nominee will serve with distinction or whether like Truman s choice of Tom Clark the president will regret nominating the dumbest man I think I ve ever run across 2 The president does not know whether the nominee will represent faithfully the president s policy goals on the Court or will be seen as a mistake as Eisenhower described his appointments of Earl Warren and William Brennen B Choosing among candidates 1 Reducing Uncertainty a Political party more likely to imagine what their rulings would be like while on the Court b Personal acquaintance familiar with the person so you have an idea of how they d perform c Prior public service 2 Disadvantages of Information a Senate Opposition 3 Electoral Calculations a Presidents might want to name judges from big states to help with electoral college or from states where you fell short in previous elections IV Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges 2 Tuesday January 27 2015 A Senatorial Courtesy 1 Senators from the President s party from the state where the vacancy exists haveinput a Here are 3 people I think are qualified for the job b Here is the person you need to nominate to the district court 2 Use varies by senators one senator has submitted a list of all who wish to be considered for the position while others submit a short list of recommended individuals 3 Most fully used for District Court appointments although somewhat operational for appellate positions B Sanctions 1 Opposition from a homestate senator of the president s party will delay consideration of the nominee on the Senate floor k6 Iggq Qmmafm aw hamFm Wm J ma gimsz ed m M f h hmnh VVMQKQ39 81 Cde 711 5 1 T quotquot3 quot L39 39 JpnIE r eff CaQ9 1019 i Q 67 770 0 3 23153 7 a L i r ranre rgs H38 6 Ine IICHI IMZKE i577 ariaf MCI2 rnfgg Sham 03 Li 5PbLbNC gammaquot oipimbmg had by lama fez DQrEOf 395 rd i 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