Dance Appreciation- notes for exam
Dance Appreciation- notes for exam ESS 104
UW - L
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Schmitz on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Doris Humphrey ● Member of Denishawn ● Term “modern dance” started in 1927. It meant: Dance that reflects contemporary attitudes. ○ Talks about social issues, things happening at that time ● “Water Study” (1928) ○ No music, no talking. Completely silent ○ No story, just movement concept of waves ● “The Shakers” (1931) ○ Most famous piece ○ Based off of 19th Century religious sect Shook hands ■ Men and women lived separately in the culture so.. ■ In the performance, men and women danced on separate sides of stage ● Humphrey Modern Dance Technique: FALL AND RECOVERY ○ Based upon the pull of gravity ○ Giving in vs resisting gravity ○ Very fluid use of torso ■ Hunching forward, moving up/backwards ■ Swinging arms ■ Dropping feet ● “The arc between two deaths” ○ Two deaths= two moments of stillness ■ Fall to floor = 1st moment, coming to vertical standing position = 2nd moment Martha Graham ● “Movement never lies.’ ● Based on Asian dance ● Two lessons learned at Denishawn ○ 1. The actual dance technique taught at Denishawn ○ 2. The importance of costuming for dance: The dance costume should never hide nor hinder the movement, but intensify it ● Lived to be 97 and choreographed essentially until she died ○ Danced until she was 71 ○ Struggled with alcoholism Four stages of Choreographic life of Martha Graham 1. Rebellion Stage a. “Revolt” b. “Heretic” i. Dressed in white, fought against women in black. Nonconformist c. “Lamentation i. A woman grieving for someone who had died d. What was rebellion? Antiballet i. Hard stomps, curved movements, turned in legs 2. Americana Stage a. “American Document b. “Frontier” (Isamu Noguchi set designer) i. A woman looking out on her land in the old west c. “Letter to the World” i. About Emily Dickinson art was more important than everything in their lives d. “Appalachian Spring” (Aaron Copland composer) i. Most famous piece ii. About young romantic love iii. Look @ D2L for summary of American Spring e. What was Americana? i. American history 3. Greek/Psychological Stage a. “Errand into the Maze” i. Adriane vs the Minotaur ii. Overcoming fear b. “Cave of the Heart” i. Jason and Medea ii. Story of jealousy, Medea kills his lover c. “Night Journey” i. Oedipus and Jocasta ii. Husband and wife, Jocasta is also his mother. Story of incest 4. Bible Stage a. “Embattled Garden” i. Garden of Eden story b. “Judith” i. Old Testament. Lures enemy of Israel into her tent, gets him drunk and then kills him. ii. Showing anger towards her own unfaithful husband c. “Seraphic Dialogue” ● Graham modern dance technique: CONTRACTION/RELEASE ○ Contraction is a curved spine ○ Release is a straight spine ○ Based upon: ■ 1. The motions of breathing ■ 2. The belief that all emotions are felt in the “gut” first. ○ “House of pelvic truth” ● Three contributions to Dance History ○ 1. First multiracial dance company (1940s) ○ 2. Contraction/release technique ■ Most popular modern dance technique there is ○ 3. Almost singlehandedly made modern dance just as important as classical ballet Merce Cunningham ● Postmodernism ○ Simple, free movement ○ No complex stories ○ Never any meaning to his pieces; always abstract ● Before Cunningham, modern dance expressed emotion. After Cunningham, modern dance was for and about motion. ● Completely abstract choreography: “movement for movement’s sake” ● John Cage: avantgarde modern music composer ○ Created experimental scores with natural and electronic sounds ○ “Prepared piano” ■ Regular piano with materials stuck on the strings inside in order to make different sounds come out. Cunningham, Cage, and chance composition ● Chance Composition ○ Cunningham and Cage created the dance and the music independently of each other so they would be “independently worthy” ■ Through cards w/ movements on ground, whatever order they landed in = the order they were performed ■ Dancers needed to be very alert and focused ● Dancers didn’t hear music until opening night ● Four characteristics of Cunningham choreography ○ 1. No strong, central focus ○ 2. No soloists or stars ○ 3. No particular facial expressions ○ 4. The dance and the audio accompaniment are not related to each other ● *****Most times in modern dance, the body type of the dancers look similar to that of the choreographer. ○ Make it up on their own body type ○ Different movement looks different on different body types
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