Popular in History of Popular Music, 1950-Present
Popular in Music
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shira Clements on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC205 at University of Maryland taught by Richard King in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see History of Popular Music, 1950-Present in Music at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
Funk and Reggae 3/21/2016 Why These Two Together? Stylistic similarities Both foundational in the 70s Black music, in a very political sense What they inspired (massively influential in hip hop) Early Funk- James Brown Few chord changes Not the catchiest melodies Rhythm is king “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag” o Rif They basically act as extensions of the drum About the show Everything here is rhythm more than melody Father of funk “Say it Loud-I’m Black and I’m Proud” 1968 Martin Luther king has been assassinated Signals a shift to a closer alliance between funk and black power All of the hallmarks of Brown’s earlier sound But a diferent message More of a pride of being black Funk becomes alive with this movement African American music that doesn’t get stolen by whites Sly and the Family Stone Sly Stone was the leader of a diverse group Lyrics of tolerance: “Diferent strokes for diferent folks” o Music of inclusiveness o Meant to say this is about everyone o Comes out of San Francisco “Everyday People” (1969) Innovation and Nostalgia Ex: “Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Again)”- 1969 o Innovation in both style Larry Graham: slap bass innovator Layers of rifs George Clinton Parliament, Funkadelic Funk mixed with rock Has layers built on top of one another Or funk on acid Or funk from outer space Or glitter funk Funk manifesto: Free your mind, and your ass will follow Big sound, layers of rifs, heavy bass, verbal mottoes (“we want the funk”) Political Mythology Created their own funk mythology But Why? This is, admittedly, hilarious Pride in Africa The Mothership The climax of a Parliament concert Slowly descends to the stage “Swing down sweet chariot” gets chanted o Sung by slaves A return from space, to home…a return to Africa Reggae Music of Jamaica Began in the late ‘60s A fusion of ska (instrumental music uses a lot of rif based things), rock steady (, and soul Examples: “Street Corner”-The Skatalites “Hold me Tight”-Johnny Nash Reggae Proper Jimmy Clif – “The Harder They Come” A perfect demonstration of the mixed influences 1972 Rastafari Created in the ‘30s by Haile Selassie (emperor of Ethiopia) Pushes for a connection to Africa Marijuana as sacrament Punk Rock 3-30- 2016 What is punk? - DIY or “Do it yourself” attitudes - Musical elements of pop and stuf music - Simple chords, instrumentation - Faster tempos o Might be angry- but angry about something - Vocal timbre - Politically and socially conscious New York City- - Birthplace of Punk - CBGBs and OMFUG o Country, Bluegrass, Blues o Other Music for Uplifting Gormandizers - The Ramones - Patti Smith - Blondie - Joan Jett and the Black Hearts - Talking Heads - Television - Symbolic- started the career Patti Smith- - Musician, visual artists, poet - Godmother of Punk - “Gloria: In Excelsis Deo” from Horses o started as poem and then evolved - Sounds punk? - Rejected feminist ideas and her past - Punk attitude Ramones - Iconic punk band - Heavily pop and surf rock influenced - Successful in New York, and traveled to England in 1976 o Transatlantic musical exchange - Simple form and chord - Leather jacket and ripped jeans - Have political influences The Clash - “London Calling”- album - Signed with CBS - Album cover - Later hits “Rock the Casbash” and “Should I Stay or Should I Go” Sex Pistols - Johnny Rotten- Frontman Sid Vicious- Bass - Originally short lived - Infamously know for antics - “God Save the Queen” o people were riled up because of this title- cant bash the queen o Outcry and popularity Vivienne Westwood - Woice of London Punk Fashion - Work with Sex Pistols - Punk Fashion Elements o Tartan- type of plaid o Leather o Chains and safety pins o BDSM wear- dog collars, there to provoke o Amazing hair Evolution of Punk - Hardcore o Stylistically harsher, louder o Started on west coast of US o The Dead Kennedys “Holiday in Cambodia” o Riot GRRRL Bands Primarily US Northwest Feminist Zines Bikini Kill Bratmobile The Third Sex o HarDCore DC is a major place for punk Dischord Records Cofounded by Ian MacKAye and Jef Nelson Example of DIY Bands such as Fugazi, Minor Threat, The Teen Idles, Government Issue, Rites of Spring, State of Alert o Straight Edge Don’t drink, don’t smoke, don’t do drugs X, XXX, sXe’DC origins, Minor Threat Song Of shoot gangs “Waiting Room”- Fugazi - New wave/post punk o Experimentation with sounds o Added instruments o Also influenced by glam rock Would take on diferent personas o Siouxsie and Banshees o Adam and the Ants o Blondie - Pop punk o Hey-day in the late 1990s Early 2000s o Most commercial success o Green Day, Blink-182, Sum 41, The Ofspring, Rancid 4-1- 2016 APMR: Bangs, "In which yet another pompous blowhard...," p. 61-63 - Bangs based his writing of rock and roll; he writes with passion - punk means rock in its most basic form - been around from the beginning - punk rock = r&r in its most basic form; it has existed throughout the history of r&r - in the 50s, people couldn’t “play instruments” or “didn’t know how to sing” but now we still listen to those songs - R&R is an art form - anyone can do it, doesn’t matter if you have talent or not - to perform, all you need is NERVE; it’s an attitude, it’s about believing - passion is what it’s all about - “Louie Louie” by the Kinsmen is a prime example of punk rock: it was crude, rude, anyone could play it - just because it’s so simple doesn’t make it worse - The Dolls - r&r is about breaking the form APMR: Frere-Jones, "1979," 65-67. -The Clash: “London Calling” album - punk rock had become their responsibility - they had more music and faith in punk than anyone else - their lyrics talk about riots, American imperialism, etc. - Writter Mark Perry said “punk died the day the Clash signed CBS” - The Clash worked hard to be magical - reggae permits a lot of it - punk has ofshoots How Disco Changed Music Forever - It was a four-on-the-four bassline, euphoric strings, fierce cowbells and a soaring vocal straight out of the church and on to the dancefloor. More importantly it created a place – or rather it soundtracked a space – outside the mainstream. A place where black, Hispanic, gay and any combination thereof could come together and dance, love and just be without fear. - Helped the gay movement o Became more acceptible o Helped make the first gay pop star- Sylvester - Basis of many songs called for unity - Many of the songs were meant for gay people, but it was masked - Disco Demolition Night at Comiskey Park in Chicago in the summer of 1979- wanted disco to stop- mostly homophobic o Did not kill disco- it has such a huge influence nowadays and the messages were still there o Disco just evolved over time- nothing died- it changed into the music we hear today and still is present in some beats “Four on the Floor”- - Hitting bass drum with every beat, Funk and Disco Terms- - Rif based - Rhythmic - Horns - Dico comes from funk- more polished Disco- - Helped with diversity - Racially diverse- just based on sexual orientation - Being gay in NY is not easy, so it becomes more accepting - Becomes popular because of Saturday Night fever movie o John Travolta is heterosexual and makes it cool to listen to disco and incorporates disco - Death of disco o AIDS epidemic takes its toll on artists o Disco Demolition at baseball o Homophobic backlash- really about gay people- not just the music Punk- Lester Bangs article- - All about passion and attitude - All inclusive- anyone can do it- you should do it yourself - Know three chords and can be a punker o Reminds us of blues and early rock and roll o Punk has been around forever All about rebellion and can do it Just a new name - “I want to be sedated”- Ramones o Heavy guitar o Drums o Simplistic, repetitive, rif based o Fast tempo- a lot of energy o Not too annunciated o About drugs Because he is disillutioned bby everything around him Angry about something - The Clash is diferent o From London o More musically polished o Outwardly rebellious and anti establishment o More compex o Reggae influence Short rifs and position of them Emphasis on horns