European Civ Class Notes, #1
European Civ Class Notes, #1 HIST 1120 - European Civ in World Context
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This 1 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Meghan Xanthos on Thursday January 29, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HIST 1120 - European Civ in World Context at George Washington University taught by Burns in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 212 views. For similar materials see European Civ in World Context in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 01/29/15
Professor William Burns HIST 1120 Class l 1715 The Monarchy Nearly all territories were monarchies Power of the monarch came from god Hereditary monarchy de ned as rule passed down through families France only men can inherit the throne the inheritance must be through the male line Women could rule in Britain in Sweden Monarchial rule was thought to be superior because it was decisive because it claimed that anything else would lead to an endless series of meetings that would never come to a conclusion Britain parliamentary government emerged the sovereign acted on the advice of parliament while the monarchy was not f1gurehead majority of power rested in parliament Monarchies ruled with few checks despotism or rules without restraint Examples Russia the Ottoman empire Religious Power State power bound up with religious power did not necessarily mean intolerance First country not to have an of cial religion was the USA Spain was a repressive catholic monarchy to deal with non catholics Spanish inquisition Britain established regime of religious toleration Religious toleration is not the same thing as equality example It was illegal to be part of parliament if not part of the church of England Holland known for toleration Descending fear of authority people are the major authority authority goes up to government Typically God delegates authority to king and the king delegates to lesser magistrates was accepted Churches had property had monopoly on higher education Class System Agricultural society Most people are farmers herdsman fisherman not highly respected Peasants ruthlessly exploited need harvest for next year to survive landlord takes some harvest for rent church takes some harvest called a tide in theory a tenth of what is produced state takes some harvest for taxes Productive agricultural land is the real wealth