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Week 12 Notes

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by: Jordana Baraad

Week 12 Notes PY 370

Jordana Baraad
GPA 3.9

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Lecture notes from week 12--due to the test Monday 11/9 and the computer failure Wednesday 11/11, it's just from Friday 11/13.
History and Systems
Dr. Steele
Class Notes
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Chloe Hogue

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 11/13/15
Setting the Stage Psychoanalysis and behaviorism falling out of favor Learned responses—dehumanizing, made people seem like robots/ lab rats Deep unconscious –deep, dark unconscious; negative view of human nature Need for shift in focus: human cognition as amazing 2 Areas That Developed humanistic psych cognitive psych Humanistic psych—positive side of human nature 1. Creativity—think outside the box 2. Free will—not just controlled by stimuli 3. Potential—always striving to reach full potential everybody special and different people need to be given more credit; focus on positive aspect of human nature contrast to negative psychoanalysis portrayal of subconscious people innately trying to be good How can we make people happy? The best they can be? Big shift Abraham Maslow: founder of humanism 1 of 7 kids; poor, rough upbringing in NY Maslow = “Matilda”: desire to learn despie lack of encouragement Mother killed pet kitten in front of him main contribution: shift in psych to positive view of human nature/ potential traumatic childhood and WWII  wonder what happened to human goodness wondered why so much anger wanted to redirect to positive aspects of human nature “gaping hole in the field of psychology”—“all things important and precious” asked to write abnormal psych textbook  wondering what’s normal?  own research on “great” people; looking for defining characteristics ex. Eleanor Roosevelt, Albert Einstein What makes them good/ happy? How do they reach full potential? Interviewed Max Wertheimer Heirarchy of Needs: needs we all have Basics at bottom: safety, food, shelter Higher up: psychological needs Ex. friendship Top: self-actualization – characteristic of successful, happy people Reached full potential as human being Working up pyramid to reach ultimate potential Goal as humans to reach Certain characteristics to reach it Less worry about the little things Nonconformist—don’t mind straying from crowd Rare: happens in ~1/50 people Historians say self-actualization akin to Buddhist nirvana Admitted to Buddhist influence Older ideas influencing modern psych Need work in homeostasis; trying to keep balance On/off like furnace thermometer Applicable in schools/ kids Low self-esteem  trouble progressing Carl Rogers: founder of humanistic psychology Standard upbringing in Chicago Interested in human; wanted to expand to therapy  humanistic therapy Therapy should focus on good things in a person’s life De-emphasize talking about problems Alternative name: client-centered therapy or Rogerian therapy Self actualization = goal Actualizing tendency: every living being has innate tendency to better selves Want to move up pyramid Not just humans—weeds grow from cracks in sidewalk Incongruity: real self v. ideal self—innate desire to close the gap Farther the gap  more hindrance of ability to move up pyramid Comparison Previous (Behaviorism and Psychoanalysis) Dehumanizing: B- humans are robots, can be conditioned to everything P- slave to pleasure principal and deep, dark desires Humanistic rejection- humans unique; striving to be best we can be 3 Forces in Psychology 1. Behaviorism 2. Psychoanalysis 3. Humanistic: focus on good/ happiness/ love in human nature a. Instead of focus on predicting and controlling human behavior


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