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SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #9

by: Ashley

SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #9 SOCI 2013 007


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About this Document

These notes are about sex and gender.
Introductory Sociology
Stefanie Collier
Class Notes
sociology, sex, Gender, gender roles, Gender Identity
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2013 007 at University of Arkansas taught by Stefanie Collier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at University of Arkansas.

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Date Created: 03/30/16
3-30-2016 Chapter 10 – Sex, Gender and Sexuality  Primary Sex Characteristics o Sex organs – things you are born with that determine your gender  Secondary Sex Characteristics o Puberty that will happen as you get older  Ex: Height  Sex implies a biological foundation  Gender o Social foundation o Learned behavior o Socialization process – never stops o Visual representation of “unseen” biological characteristics  Sexual Orientation o Individuals emotional and sexual relationships between other people in society  Intersex o A person born with reproductive parts that do not correspond to typical definition  of male or female o A doctor would categorize this sort of person not society  Transgender o Individual who’s gender identity does not match the gender role  Biological Characteristics VS Visual Representation of Characteristics o Can be same or different  How does gender work? o Gender roles  Things we should think and do based on our gender we have been taught  since birth  Individual level – micro level o Structural features of society  Macro level  Perpetuate the knowledge of how to formulate your gender roles o Reinforced institutionally  Marriage = family = huge gender institution  Media o Beliefs and attitudes o Practiced individually o Gender Identity  Ex: “Warning ­ Reflections in this mirror may be distorted by socially  constructed ideas of ‘beauty’ or gender”  People’s perception of the self as male or female  Sexism o Subordination of one sex based on the presumed superiority of the other sex o Patriarchy – men over women VS Matriarchy – women over men 3-30-2016  Control of power or over resources  As long as there is a struggle over resources or power of resources there  will always be sexism  Contemporary Gender Inequality Issues o Gender – Segregated Work  Concentration of men or women in different work places o Pay Equity o Family Equity o Un­paid Work  Why does gender inequality exists? o Social – Economic o Functionalist – benefit society in social and economic order o Earnings  Labor Market / Individual choice  Training / Jobs / Education  Feminism o Conflict theory – we are in a constant struggle for resources and can be seen and  felt on different levels (gender/sex) o Liberal Feminism  Takes place on a political scale  Woman can gain equality through political efforts o Radical Feminism   Changing gender roles and gender identities and changing the larger social structure and political landscape o Socialist Feminism   Not fair or right that we are a capitalist society that has to evaluate hard  and good work and receive reward yet family work is just as hard yet not  reward in the same sense o Multicultural Feminism  Belief that women of color experience a different world than other people  Multilayer of oppression


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