SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #9
SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #9 SOCI 2013 007
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2013 007 at University of Arkansas taught by Stefanie Collier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at University of Arkansas.
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Date Created: 03/30/16
3-30-2016 Chapter 10 – Sex, Gender and Sexuality Primary Sex Characteristics o Sex organs – things you are born with that determine your gender Secondary Sex Characteristics o Puberty that will happen as you get older Ex: Height Sex implies a biological foundation Gender o Social foundation o Learned behavior o Socialization process – never stops o Visual representation of “unseen” biological characteristics Sexual Orientation o Individuals emotional and sexual relationships between other people in society Intersex o A person born with reproductive parts that do not correspond to typical definition of male or female o A doctor would categorize this sort of person not society Transgender o Individual who’s gender identity does not match the gender role Biological Characteristics VS Visual Representation of Characteristics o Can be same or different How does gender work? o Gender roles Things we should think and do based on our gender we have been taught since birth Individual level – micro level o Structural features of society Macro level Perpetuate the knowledge of how to formulate your gender roles o Reinforced institutionally Marriage = family = huge gender institution Media o Beliefs and attitudes o Practiced individually o Gender Identity Ex: “Warning Reflections in this mirror may be distorted by socially constructed ideas of ‘beauty’ or gender” People’s perception of the self as male or female Sexism o Subordination of one sex based on the presumed superiority of the other sex o Patriarchy – men over women VS Matriarchy – women over men 3-30-2016 Control of power or over resources As long as there is a struggle over resources or power of resources there will always be sexism Contemporary Gender Inequality Issues o Gender – Segregated Work Concentration of men or women in different work places o Pay Equity o Family Equity o Unpaid Work Why does gender inequality exists? o Social – Economic o Functionalist – benefit society in social and economic order o Earnings Labor Market / Individual choice Training / Jobs / Education Feminism o Conflict theory – we are in a constant struggle for resources and can be seen and felt on different levels (gender/sex) o Liberal Feminism Takes place on a political scale Woman can gain equality through political efforts o Radical Feminism Changing gender roles and gender identities and changing the larger social structure and political landscape o Socialist Feminism Not fair or right that we are a capitalist society that has to evaluate hard and good work and receive reward yet family work is just as hard yet not reward in the same sense o Multicultural Feminism Belief that women of color experience a different world than other people Multilayer of oppression
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