Week 12 Lecture Notes
Week 12 Lecture Notes HIST 2030
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Martinez on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2030 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Derek W Frisby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Tennessee History in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Week 12 Lecture Notes History 3020 Agriculturists to Industrial Society The men that were once farmers will begin to work in industrial settings like factories and this led to a change in family dynamics. When the men would go to the factories to work it was the women who held the home together. At this time, drinking was much more than a current occurrence, people would drink at breakfast, lunch, dinner and in between -even at work. This caused problems in the work place for obvious reasons like drunken accidents at the factories, but also at the home. Taverns and pubs were intentionally set up outside and around the factories so the workers would stop by to drink and sleep (prostitution was alive and well at this time too) their way through their paychecks, only to return in angry, drunken hazes to disturb their family. These drunk men were known to be violent, and domestic violence was at an all time high. Also at this time, immigration was high, Scottish immigration to be specific and Catholics to be precise. Americans, as it should come as no surprise, were not fond of these new people coming into their nation and wanted a way to keep the Catholics out. Catholics were not strangers to alcohol and spirits and in fact were known to have a great liking of the two, so as an attempt to keep them out the Temperance, or Prohibition was set in motion. End of the 19th Century Business began to operate as a bureaucracy. Colleges and Universities begin to grow. Women are now attending college and getting jobs, forming the bureaucracy. Women suffrage is on the rise. This time is commonly referred to as the 'Gilded Age"; because like something that is gilded every thing seemed golden but if you scratched the surface and looked beyond outward appearance you would see that everything was falling apart. The Progressives are going to take upon themselves to try and fix the nation. Progressives take the duty to educate women, and will bring the idea of birth control. The Progressives believed that poverty was a result of over population and the set out to fix that problem with birth control. They figured if there were just less people being born, less people would be poor. They had a similar thought on how to end the ever present domestic violence: prohibition; no alcohol would mean no more drunks hitting their wives and children. They also believe they could combat the high numbers of smokers by putting warning labels and grotesque pictures on the cigarette packs. Progressives will come to pass laws ( Prohibition) to try and get their point across, arguing that alcohol was the root of all evil. Prohibition 1. Four-mile Law of 1877 Alcohol could not be manufactured, bought, or sold 4 miles from a school or church. This had a big impact for Prohibition in rural areas. In urban areas, there were more hoops to jump through to get these law to pass as they only applied to unincorporated areas (not officially recognized by the state as a town or city, just a community). Initially just affected small towns but eventually grew to be applicable to more areas. 2. TN Anti-Saloon League and Women's Christian Temperance Union Both groups formed with Pro-Prohibition ideas. TN Anti-Saloon League was formed by business men who wanted to implement the Prohibition Laws in the work place, though it should be noted that this was mostly to improve safety of the product and equipment more than the workers themselves-that is, to make sure production wouldn’t slow down because of drunken accidents. Women's Christian Temperance Union was formed for a more holistic reason; as a way to sanctify the family values and to combat the domestic violence sweeping the nation. 3. A Temperance Utopia and the American Temperance University Incorporated in 1891, this was to be an ideal industrial city, an object lesson for thrift, sobriety, superior intelligence and exalted moral character, where workers would be uncorrupted by Demon Rum. Named for Union General Walter Harriman, former governor of New Hampshire. 4. 1901 Peeler Bill Defeated Was defeated and lead women not only to find their political voice, but to raise it against Prohibition even more so.
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