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Week 11 of History Notes

by: William Bartek

Week 11 of History Notes HIST 1500 - 01

William Bartek
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan

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About this Document

This is week 11 of notes in History 1500 covering the 12th century Renaissance, the rise of universities, and crisis in the later Middle Ages
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1500 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Autumn Dolan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Discovering World History in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 11/13/15
History 1500 12th Century Renaissance and the Rise of Universities Material Culture 0 Cuisine by the 14th c o Spices and foods from India make their way over 0 Alcohol starts to pop up 0 Textiles like silk come over form Asia 12th c Renaissance o In 40 years literacy goes from 1 to over half the men in all urban centers 0 Women and children still excluded 0 Monastic schools useful for education but very exclusive 0 Reforms made to withdraw from the wealthy life I Cistercians wanted to escape urban life I Bernard of Clairvaux was a famous Cistercian Cathedral Schools 1050 1150 0 Development associated with the secular church in order to train the clergy 0 Spread rapidly across Europe Rise of Scholasticism o Dialectic medieval idea of logic and reason 0 Speculative theology and scholasticism make their way to the forefront of society 0 Sic et non quotYes amp No textbook of theological questions with no answers written 0 Peter Lombard s Sentences copy this but provide answers to these questions Legal Renaissance o Secular law begins to expand 0 Corpus Juris Civilis 0 Canon Law 0 Gratian s Decretum Representative of streamlining old documents and evolving bureaucracy Rise of Universities 0 Universitas guilds for intellectuals o Bologna 1158 Student led guild 0 Paris 1200 Center of theology University Life 0 Studies begin around age 15 0 Education focused on liberal arts 0 Degree earned after 5 yea rs o Expensive and didn t allow women so very exclusive to the elites 0 Students caused a lot of tension with the surrounding towns and cities as they spent their time off being a nuisance Scholastic Synthesis 0 Aristotelian Corpus 0 Thomas Aquinas 1225 1274 o Thomism Synthesis of Christian theology and Aristotilian philosophy 0 Transubstantiation idea that bread and wine can be transformed to the body and blood of Christ 12th c Renaissance o Vernacular language gets a larger foothold o Chansons de Geste o Troubadours wandered around the land singing of songs about courtly love and writing poems like the Song of Roland Crises in the Later Middle Ages New Pietv and New Order 0 Holy family and humanization of Christ 0 Mendicants took vows of poverty and preached to the people 0 Dominicans descended into crowds to appease the impoverished with sermons o Franciscans believed luxury was a sin and emphasized charity Alternative Devotions 0 Women focused on being mendicants and were believed to hold a mystic connection with God 0 Eucharisticveneration Avignon Papacy 1309 1378 0 Philip N wants to tax churches o Boniface VIII s Unam Snactam states the Pope s superiority over secular rulers 0 Philip captures and beats Boniface to death Papacy moves to Avignon o Babylonian Captivity Avignon kidnapped the papacy sides were drawn Great Schism 1378 1414 0 Return to Rome Pope immediately died 0 Chaos descends as two rival popes fight for power 0 Conciliation movement brought to resolve the pope fights o Counsel of Constance 1414 1418 Translate scripture to local languages Protests and Challenges 0 AntiClericalism rises among the people 0 John Wycliff 1320 1384 Translate scripture to local languages 0 Ethics of Salvation if you aren t ethical you can t reach salvation 0 Jon Hus 1369 1415 Egalitarian burned as a heretic 0 Modern devotion o Clerics and laymen o Imitation of Christ Intellectual Shift o Scholastic synthesis 0 Condemnation of 1277 denounces reason saying it was diluting God s image 0 William of Ockham God s power was unlimited and not bound by reason 0 Truth isn t necessary for everything allows focus on God s power Black Death 0 Famine o 25 of European population wiped out o Collapsed medieval society 0 Government gained power and authority through disaster relief Eastern Pressures o Mongolian expansion 0 1206 Genghis Khan 0 Lightning strikes by horse archers o Ottoman expansion 0 Turks and Mongols o Attacks against Byzantium o Mehmed 1451 1481 uses cannons to capture Constantinople ends Byzantine Empire


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