I&I Nov/13th notes
I&I Nov/13th notes 3262–01/02
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Peter Wright on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3262–01/02 at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Joshua Battin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Investigation and Interrogation in Criminal Justice at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Keeping a suspects attention Suspect will withdraw mentally and tune out the investigator Comes after objections and denials Suspect is concentrated on the consequences of telling the truth Investigator needs to keep the suspects attention on the theme or the fear will prevent the truth from coming out Keep suspect from thinking about the consequences as best you can Signs of withdraw Quite and not listening Put up emotional barriers (lean back, crossed arms, etc) Flat, emotionless facial expressions Staring past and to the side of the investigator Does not care that the investigator is talking Counter to this Move closer Get suspect mentally and emotionally involved (use themes and hypothetical questions) Try to get eye contact Moving closer Move chair only a couple of inches closer each time you need to in a natural looking way If the suspect responds negatively to this move away Do not get within a few inches of the suspect yet, wait until you are ready to pose the alternative question How to get suspect involved Look for the small indicator (subtle behavioral cue) that will be displayed when the suspect is starting to give you their attention again (can be as small as a bouncing knee during a particular theme) Abbreviate themes (restate them in a succinct manner) and work towards the alternative question Intensify the emotions expressed within the themes (“you’re upset because you feel bad, it’s ok,”) Ask hypothetical questions to keep suspect emotionally involved Cautions Do not ASK why the suspect did what they did. TELL them why. Do not give up, keep repeating the theme Do not give the alternative question early Do not move closer to exert dominance or control, only do it to get their attention when needed Psychological significance of this The suspect is debating whether or not to tell the truth Some suspects are overcome with remorse or guilt For factual cases the rationality of the facts stacked against them is what is overwhelming Some simply give up and admit to the crime Suspects need an incentive to admit to guilt (in the form of the alternative question) “Pathway to first admittance of guilt is through the alternative question. (combo of themes, part 2 of the process, and alternative question, which is part 7) Signs of defeat/passiveness Less tense and more relaxed Sighs of resignation Glassy look in eyes Waving of the head Overall defeated look Response to this Comment on the thoughts and behaviors In suspect is in tears let them cry for 5-10 seconds Do not embarrass them Move closer Give the alternative question Alternative question (AQ) – Two incriminating choices where each option leads to the first admission of guilt (the first admission of guilt can even be a simple head nod) “A denial of AQ is likely to occur and is to be expected” “AQ will be a complete sentence (It will be the abbreviated form of the developed theme)” “Do not EVER mention consequences” Supporting Statements (SS) – Given for both sides of the AQ. Reiterates and refers back to elements in your developed themes. Gives encouragement for the suspect to choose one side of the AQ or the other in a subtle way Positive SS – Shows and explains the better side of the AQ. Should be presented in a soft and understanding voice(unrealistic), with sympathetic and understanding facial expressions. Provide justification for their actions. Negative SS – Explains the undesirable side of the AQ. Should be done in a stern fashion, point out why people will not be understanding, use harsh an realistic language. Presentation of Alternative Question Present the AQ’s desirable and undesirable side Present supporting statement (both the negative and positive) Repeat the AQ concepts Study facial expressions to see when it looks like they are ready to admit to the crime When this happens focus on the primary theme Eye contact is OPTIONAL “Ignore weak denials as if they never happened” “Handle strong denials that pointing out that the results of the investigation show that there is no question that they did do it, and then get back to theme development”