Crim Nov/13 notes
Crim Nov/13 notes CJA2225-01
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Peter Wright on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJA2225-01 at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Joshua Battin in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminology in Criminal Justice at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 11/13/15
Developmental Theories Views criminality as a dynamic process many variables developed by social experiences and individual characteristics 0 Factors include biological social psychological structuresprocess Discusses process of Onset D Continuation D Termination Life course theories Trajectory pattern of criminal behavior over a person39s life follows the Onset process 0 Everyone has their own trajectory When ages 610 who display criminality it is considered Early Onset There is a phase where individuals 39grow out ofmature out of crime this is usually caused by sudden responsibilities 0 Life course pursuer career criminal Only 5 of a population is life course pursuers but they make up for 4550 of all criminal activity in an area quotAge crime occurs is around 1112 it gets to its peak at 17 and then declines and usually completely vanishes around 2425quot quotWe have statistical ways to identify trajectory two so far with statistical support But there are probably morequot Onset Age of when involvement in criminal behavior occurs Persistence Continuation of this behavior Desistence Stopping the criminal behavior Prevalence Percentage of population fraction of group that has ever taken part in criminal activity Career Criminal Person who is a chronic offender throughout life Pathways to crime Authority con ict pathway Early stubbornness de ance of parents Convert Minor underhanded behavior and progression to acts such as re and theft Overt Minor aggression that leads to physical ghts and then actual violent crime quotOnset to dissidence de nes the term criminal careerquot Terry Mof tt 1993 Adolescent limited offender individual that follows the common criminal trajectory which peaks at adolescence and then diminishes later 0 Life course persistent offender One of the few in a group who continue criminality into adulthood Crimes are more frequent and severe Adolescent limited Restricted to offending juveniles Maturity gaps give opportunity biologically mature but socially immature Anti social behavior developed by mimicking persistent life course offenders Persistent life course offenders Starts when early onset occurs Problematic behavior rooted to childhood issues 0 These people suffer from lack of social development and decision making issues 0 They are quotensnared by consequencequot the individual is trapped in problems with limited opportunities Sampson and Laub 1993 Age graded theory of informal social control Crime caused by family context background factors Stabilitystate dependency Social capitalvalue of relationships better bonds more capital More than 2 trajectories can exist Change in social bonds and turning points can occur and have an impact Continuity also can occur limited opportunities quotPolicy for persistent life course offenders habitual offender lawthree strikes lawquot Policy implications 0 Parent training 0 Therapy for children Reversing early manifestations of conduct problems addressing issues until you nd the speci c issue Interventions in the CJA system 0 Prevention strategies in childhood quotThe term career criminal does not account for frequency of committed crimes even though it shouldquot Criminal propensity vs Criminal career Propensity Likelihood of committing a crime if presented with an opportunity over the course of one s life This is supportedrelates to the general theory of crime
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