Juvie Nov/13 notes
Juvie Nov/13 notes CJA3395-01
Popular in Delinquency and the Juvenile Justice System
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Peter Wright on Friday November 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJA3395-01 at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Justin Crowl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Delinquency and the Juvenile Justice System in Criminal Justice at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 11/13/15
quotWe assess risk because it is contingent on how we classify on how we classify a juvenHequot Considered Factors Age and time of offence Prior record Family relationships Alcohol and drug dependence Type of crime committed Function of classi cation Segregate prisoner types Identify need and placeprovide effective services Determining custody level Offender management Policy decision making and administrative planning Enable parole boards to make better decisions more juveniles are usually released early Determines what supervision is needed Determining quali cation for community connections Determine nature of punishment it ought to be tailored to the individual Determine if selective incapacitation is desirable lncapacitation types Selective Type 1 lock up individuals who we think are the most dangerous Grosscollective Type 2 lock up individuals mass incarceration strategy without any regard to what they did in the past or likelihood of future offending Aggravating circumstancesfactor Enhances severity of crime works against defendant prior record corpse desecration use of weapon leadership position in criminal act multiple victims violence extreme cruel Mitigating circumstancefactor Works in the favor of the defendant lessons severity self defense lack of criminal record accident provoked mental state cooperation with authorities quotAge applies greatly to both circumstancesfactorsquot Predisposition reports 0 Juvenile equivalent of a PSI a background investigation of help a judge make a decision complied by a probation of cer for both adult and juvenile cases 0 judges rely on this 0 Use by parole boards for early release decision making quotWith 315 million people in the USA 5 of the world39s population and 7 billion worldwide we still have 25 of the world39s population incarcerated behind our bars not even including community based sanctionsquot quotVlS s can be attached to predisposition reports victim impact statementquot VIS A statement made by the victim that adds more sustenance in a case and a voice that the judge can consider these are completely optional 0 Details a judge on the sense of physical and monetary damage done to victim Can be read by victim or reprehensive of victim Case dispositionsentencing Nature of offence Adjudicated juveniles can be punished from warningreprimands to secure con nement How willing a juvenile is to compensate a victim has impact 0 Secure con nement is a last resort in many jurisdictions 1St vs repeat offender Conditional programs are usually given to rst offenders Prior minor offenders also have a good chance of nonincarcerative sanctions as well Specialty courts A court established to handle a very particular issue or problem Types of specialty courts Divorce Truancy Mental health Teen In teen courts 0 Teens replace all court room of cials Informal with minor cases 0 Focus on therapeutic jurisprudence Focus on rehabilitation and to teach empathy Restoration attempts to make the victim and offender whole again corresponds with restorative justice This is because it makes every effort to bring together the victim and the offender quotThis also gives the offender an opportunity to appreciate the wrongness of their ac onsquot quotTeen courts have increased big time over 20 years only 100 nationwide in 1997 in early 20005 that number went up to over 1000 Today there are 2000quot quotSeattle and Denver were the rst states to use teen courtsquot quotWe think these courts are effective not fully studied but it seems like recidivism is lower when teen courts are utilizedquot ADR alterative dispute resolutions Designed to resolve address and mediate School problems Third party neutrals mediator Allow person to resolve con ict in a constructive way Save a lot of time and money and reputations quotStandard probation is not very effective recidivism is 4075quot Probation A suspended sentence a conditional criminal sanction and alternative to incarceration in a community based sanction It is the most used sanction and CAN be revoked Parole Early release contingent on good behavior Shock probation short term incarceration before a sudden switch to probation as a quick combo Standard probation a conditional or unconditional disposition for a speci c period following adjudication Probation conditions Submit to random piss tests Maintain employment Keep away from felons No re arms or drugs Frequent contact with P0 Cannot eave court ordered area Pay fees Court ordered treatment programs are sometimes given No new crimes Electronic monitoring Outcomes of revocation hearings Incarceration Lengthened time o Added conditions quotProbation should always be indeterminate a range of time exible concentrated on rehab when sentencingquot quotProbation work should be done by full time well trained of cersquot quotIndeterminate vs Determinant sentencing Inde is exible Deter is rigid and more severequot Intermediate punishments Community based sanctions More intensive monitoring ofjuveniles behavior than regular probation Between standard probation and incarceration more serious than the former but less serious than the latter Goals of indeterminate sanctions Reintegration Minimizing labeling Improve educational and vocational skills 0 Lower recidivism JISP program Strengths and weaknesses Strengths less expensive than incarceration Lowers rates of recidivism than standard probation Reduces prison overcrowding Weaknesses No standardized de nition of intensive supervised probation Electronic monitoring 0 Used in home con nement 24 hours a day 0 Use to keep knowledge of inmates whereabouts electronic ankle bracelet People in house arrestE monitored have a low likelihood of recidivating and committed less serious crimes 0 This is being used more and more for violent juvenile offenders Criticisms of this 0 Initially expensive Requires training to use 0 Some say it is a violation of the 4th amendment Home con nement goals Continued punishment at home Enable offenders to perform jobs Reduce overcrowding and maximizes public safety Reduces supervision costs Remotes rehab and reintegration
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